The 19th amendment is when the U.S Constitution granted American women the right to vote. This amendment is also known as women’s suffrage. Since the U.S founded women were considered second class citizens the movement for women’s equality lasted more than 70 years. During the 1800s women were always lower than men. They were to leave any hobby or job to take care of there family, and home.
Susan B Anthony was one of the prominent figures in the 19th century at the women’s suffrage movement to introduce women’s suffrage in the United States. Suffrage means the right to vote in political elections. Anthony spent much of her life on social causes. She partnered with Elizabeth Cady Stanton to lead the National American Woman Suffrage Association in order to fight for women’s right. Anthony never married because she could not consider marrying a man who was not as intelligent as she and she don’t want to marry a fool just to get married.
The Roaring Twenties was a prime era for women. Because of the toils of many strong women, ideals were flipped on their head, to America’s benefit. In the late 1800’s, two women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, quickly realized that women would not be able to share their political views unless given the right to vote. Because of the fact that women had basically no other societal roles besides housework, they were not respected during this time period. So the two women teamed up and spent the rest of their lives fighting for the women’s suffrage movement.
Jane Addams is often refered to as a social and political pioneer. She seperated herself from what society belived a women should do and created many radical changes for that time period. Many of her fellow friends, characterized as going crazy and too hopeful. But in the years later to come, Jane Addams would redefine what a women can and should do. She once said, “Old-fashioned ways which no longer apply to changed conditions are a snare in which the feet of women have always become readily entangled” (JaneAddams).
In 1874, Susan B. Anthony wrote a petition to Untied States Congress requesting: “that the fine imposed upon your petitioner be remitted, as an expression of the sense of this high tribunal that her conviction was unjust." (Anthony) Anthony believed the fine $100 USD was unjust because she and her friends were just trying to fight for an amendment that would guarantee women’s voting rights. NWSA kept on with their steps to achieve their goal. In 1878, the Women Suffrage Amendment, later became the Ninth Amendment, had first introduced in the Congress of United States. “Susan B. Anthony: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” (Cayton, 637) These words were main ground of the whole movement; voting rights should not signify by sex but by nationality.
However, this law was meaningless because it went unenforced as seen in the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Company incident which led to the death of a multitude of women workers. These limitations by such reforms although negative and the opposite of protection for women workers as established by the Muller v. Oregon case led to much stricter laws such as a regulation of hours and conditions for sweatshops and worker compensation laws. In this sense, women faced several limitations while trying to become more prominent in the progressive community, however their defeat and
"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex"--Nineteenth Amendment, U.S. Constitution. Until the 1910s, most states did not give women the right to vote. The amendment was the culmination of the women 's suffrage movement in the United States, which fought at both state and national levels to achieve the vote. On August 18, 1920, it appeared that Tennessee had ratified the amendment, the result of a change of vote by 24 year-old legislator Harry Burn at the insistence of his elderly mother, but those against the amendment managed to delay official ratification (www.archives.gov). Tennessee played a key role in the passage of the 19th Amendment, which gave women the right to vote in 1920.
After marriage, women did not have the right to own their own property, keep their own wages, or sign a contract. In addition, all women were denied the right to vote. “The cult of true womanhood ideology extended middle-class ideals far beyond the middle class and affected marriage, female education, and employment choices, as well as strategies for obtaining women’s rights…”(WOMEN). American women of the late 1800’s struggled with no rights in the government, considered inferior, and married women had no separate identity from her husband. One reason American women were treated poorly is because of their rights in the American government.
In October, 1903, together with her daughters, Emmeline created the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU), with a permanent motto of “Deeds, not words.” The organization was so named to “emphasize its democracy” and “define its object as political rather than propagandist.” The WSPU was also composed of women from all the different classes, exclaiming that women suffrage was desired by all women. A unique aggressive militant tactics that defied the notion of ‘proper women’ was adopted, such as disrupting parliament members’ speeches, held street meetings to increase people’s awareness, and strikes. As the reform of law had to be agreed by the government, this idea behind the militancy and attacks on both private as well as public properties were highlighted as Emmeline exclaimed, “There is something that governments care far more for than human life, and that is the security of property, and so it is through property that we shall strike the enemy.” While participating in such activities was effective since it drew attention to the cause, doing so required a substantial commitment from the woman who broke social mores and drew attention also to herself. Every militant act of the W. S. P. U. required bravery from each member and Pankhurst encouraged them through resisting the government, even to the point of being sentenced to time in prison. Her campaign was further strengthen by her exclamation that women had suffered for their families, but never for themselves, and thus, women also have the rights to express themselves by exercising political rights.
Many people believe that after winning the battle for woman suffrage, that equality for woman was won and there is no longer a need to worry. As amazing as that victory was for woman in America, there still remains a multitude of areas woman are still regarded inferior. As a society, we have come a long way since the days that Wollstonecraft was alive but as a whole, we are only as strong as our weakest length. Wollstonecraft argued: There must be more equality established in society, or morality will never gain ground, and the virtuous equality will not rest firmly even when founded on a rock, if one half of mankind are chained to its bottom by fate, for they will be continually undermining it through ignorance or