Erik Erickson's Eight Stages Of Identity Development

1024 Words5 Pages
Erik Erickson was the first theorist to develop a framework that addressed identity development from certain key stages in an individuals life (Karkouti, 2014). Erickson viewed human development in a social and historical context. It categorized factors that influence development into eight stages (Karkouti, 2014). Each stage presented can be characterized by a psychosocial conflict that can be corrected by managing internal behaviors and the social world (Karkouti, 2014). If an individual can successfully resolve each crisis within each stage the healthier their development will be. This paper will examine in detail Erickson’s eight stages of psychosocial development. Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages Stage One: Trust vs. Mistrust Trust versus mistrust is Erik Erickson’s first psychosocial stage. This stage is mostly experienced the first year of life (the book). The development of trust that an infant engages in sets the positive or negative expectation they have on the world (Karkouti, 2014). If the parents of the child meet the child’s essential needs, the child develops trust. Hence, if those needs aren 't met, the child develops mistrust. The basic strength of this stage is hope. The feeling of confidence coincides with the belief of desires will be satisfied. Stage Two: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt Autonomy versus shame and doubt is Erik Erickson’s second stage. This stage usually occurs between the ages one through three. These stages are also known as late
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