Erikson Developmental Theory

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For this developmental activity, I went to the store with a child named Amanda and shopped with fifty dollars. When shopping, I tried to find age-appropriate toys. Since Amanda is five years old, I purchased toys meant for children between the ages of 2 and 7. I purchased a memory match game, leap frog interactive learning system, small hula hoop, and a set of play masks. I later observed the child play at home with the items I had purchased. When I did my observation, I viewed Amanda's behavior and compared it to several developmental theories and stages.
According to the German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst Erik Erikson, Amanda is in the ''play age''. This ''play age'' consists of children between the ages of 3 and 5. The play age is one of the eight distinct stages in Erik
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For example, a mother might try to help a child button a jacket, but the child will want to do it themselves. If the child were to fail at the task, this kind of conflict would make the child feel guilt.
The toy that best related to the ''initiative and guilt'' conflict was the hula hoop. Amanda wanted to hula hoop alone, without any help. Amanda failed when she first attempted to hula hoop. I then began to encourage her to try again, to support her initiative.
According to Jean Piaget's theory, there are four stages of cognitive development. Based on Piaget's theory, Amanda is in the preoperational stage. This sage is second in Piaget's theory. This stage includes children between the ages of 2 and 7. According to Piaget, this stage involves pretend play, egocentrism and language development. According to Piaget's theory, the child also classifies objects by a single trait at this stage.
The play mask related to the preoperational stage. This is because when Amanda and her brother played with the mask's, they began to participate in pretend play. The two children pretended to be superheroes in
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