This is the stage that Erikson called “school age”. They will learn to observe how the work can be done and engender the feel of responsibility. Children will confident and industrious if their initiative is reinforced or guilt by their teachers to complete their task or schoolworks. If this initiative is limiting by their parents, they will feel inferior and starting to doubt their own strength and ability. Erikson said that successful experiences give the child a sense of industry, a feeling of competence and mastery, while failure gives them a sense of inadequacy and inferiority, a feeling that one is a good for nothing (Sharkey, 1997).
Maslow trusts that one can't consider the following stage of advancement if a person needs have not been met in the past stage. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is straightforward, while Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development are more point by point. Erikson has more stages of improvement, yet the necessities in every stage are satisfied by Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs pyramid. Maslow describes his unmet needs as deficiencies while Erikson classifies them as difficulties of development. (Maslow's compared to Erikson's,
The Chosen is a novel by Chaim Potok. It tells the story of a Modern Orthodox Jew named Reuven Malter, and how he befriends a Hasidic Jew named Danny Saunders. It includes how these two unlikely teenage boys become friends, grow up, and pursue their dreams in the future. It takes place during the end of World War II which is occurring in Europe. To begin with, this is a type of novel that I would not normally read.
By expressing this statement is supports his belief of the American dream as actually a dream of “getting ahead” (Zinsser 601). In addition Zinsser informs individuals happiness goes to the person who has supposably achieved more. Giving additional time for the youth to get passed multiple failures including releasing pressure of needing to succeed by a specific age. Dreamers, nonconformists, and skeptics are needed much more than “junior vice presidents” (Zinsser 602). Civilizations have harmed these
Growing Up Something Wicked This Way Comes is a definite story of how one boy wants to grow up and the other will give anything to stay young. This book is a very interesting look into an increasingly common perspective of a pair of two young teenage boys. Sure, the two are complete opposites, but they still do have a little in common. One has no father and the other has an old father that almost dreams of a way to die. This is just one of many reasons that this is a coming of age story.
Often times, queer young adult literature highlights issues that plague adolescents without ever providing an account that feels authentic for its readers. Chulito by Charles Rice-Gonzalez is a gripping fictional account of what it means to be young, gay and Puerto Rican in New York City. Rice-Gonzalez is a lecturer at Hostos Community College and a longtime LGBT activist within the Bronx. Set in the South Bronx, Chulito explores a variety of themes, including masculinity, gayness, identity, and love. In this book, Rice Gonzalez highlights the importance seeing masculinity as being complex instead of dichotomous- that different forms of masculinity exist, even ones that do not conform to the societal standards of what it means to be “a man” in Nuyorican culture.
In the short story, “Seventh Grade”, by Gary Soto, the author pokes fun at seventh grade boys at the beginning a school year. The main characters are Victor, Michael, and Teresa, a girl Victor has a crush on. In the story, Victor learned that it is always best to be himself. Victor is a seventh grade boy who continues to make mistakes in front of the girl he likes. First, the writer tells us about Victor and his love for Teresa since they were young.
Identity achievement, is an identity status where there is commitment to choices that will help in one’s identity formation, after going through a brief period of crisis or exploration of alternatives (Papalia et al., 2004). This status is a mature status because it is associated thinking, decision making and deep interpersonal relationships (Schwartz, 2001). Foreclosure is an identity status where, an individual who has not spent time considering alternatives or has not been in crisis is committed to other people’s plans (Papalia et al., 2004). Individuals with this identity status are seen as being conflict- free and have idealized relationship with parents (Schwartz, 2001). Moratorium on the other hand, is an identity status where the individual is currently considering alternatives for identity formation or are in crisis, and are seen as heading towards commitment to selected alternatives.
In the book, The Boy in the Striped Pajamas, the book is about the holocaust, seen through a little boy’s eyes. This little boy meets his only friend for life, but he comes to find out that he is jewish and they are supposed to be enemies.In the end they spend thier last moments together, they break every rule but stay friends theought all the hardships of the holocaust.Throughout the book there are several examples of dramtic irony. There is evidence that the dramatic irony makes the story much more powerful. Dramatic irony is: irony that is important in speeches or a situation understood by the audience but not by the character(s). In the book the main character, Bruno, is young and ignorant of what's going on around him.
They viewed school as a waste and dropped out once they turned 16. A way to decrease this possibility is enriching students through relating and teaching about topics that interest them. In schools, teachers can gain interest from their students by teaching about out of the ordinary topics, sparking enthusiasm. They can also teach topics that they know their students feel knowledgeable and interested in. Additionally, high school teachers can relate topics to students post-secondary plans, this makes the child believe school is important and worth their time.