Erikson's Theory Of Social Development

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CRISIS IN ADOLESCENTS WHICH IS ROLE CONFUSION BASED ON ERIKSON’S THEORY OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

NAME : THANUSH RAJAN
ID. No. : I15008938
UNIVERSITY : INTI INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
LECTURER : DR. MEHRAN ROSTAMZADEH

CONTENT

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to discuss role confusion, which is the crisis in adolescents, according to Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. This theory consists of 8 stages. But the main focus of this paper is role confusion. First and foremost, this paper introduces the concept of identity and the principles of this concept as well as elaborating on role confusion. Next, the stages before and after adolescence are discussed for
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Inferiority. This stage occurs during the schooling years where children are usually between five and 12 years old. Children are capable of doing complex tasks. As a result, they make great efforts to master new skills. Children develop a feeling of competence and belief in their skills when parents and teachers encourage and commend them. Those who do not receive encouragement from parents, teachers, or peers will doubt their ability to be succeed or achieve their goals. According to Erikson, this stage is important in the development of self-confidence. During co-curricular activities in school and other social activities, children receive praise and attention for performing various tasks such as reading, writing, drawing and solving problems. Eventually, children will have to cope with new social and academic demands. failure results in feelings of inferiority, while success leads to a sense of…show more content…
It creates a problem as it can bring about some serious negative effects which would affect the quality of life in the future, how an individual may cope with problems and stress, cognitive abilities, and interpersonal relationships (Kroger, 2008). People suffering from role confusion will have a lower capacity for functioning under stress and using decision-making strategies such as rationality, planning and logical decision-making. Besides these, they may also have lower levels of moral reasoning due to constantly second-guessing their own decisions. This may cause anxiety and stress which may lead to other physiological problems because they worry about their life excessively til the point they cannot live with any semblance of happiness.
In addition to these insecurities which are important in goal-orientatonand self-image, when an individual is unable to form his identity and encounters role confusion, he/she will face lower levels of achievement motivation and self-esteem, higher levels of neuroticism, and low conscientiousness and extrovertedness. The individual would demonstrate a much higher usage of defense mechanisms and high levels of shyness due to their insecurities. Their careers in the future would suffer as they would face a lot of difficulty dealing with new people and a new environment. Successful people will not achieve success by avoiding or shying away from

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