There are several different types of ICH, also known as blood clots, in or around the brain. These can range from mild head injuries to very serious and life threating. An epidural hematoma occurs when a blood clot forms underneath the skull on top of the dura, which is the covering that surrounds the brain. It is caused by a tear in an artery that runs just under the skull called the middle meningeal artery. This type of hematoma is usually associated with a skull fracture.
Genetic tests can be conducted on the parents of the infant to determine whether they are a carrier of the haemophilia gene or whether they have the haemophilia disorder in their family. (Refer to source 1.1 in Appendices). Many people who have or have had family members with haemophilia will ask that their baby boys get tested soon after birth. About one-third of babies who are diagnosed with haemophilia have a new mutation not present in other family members. In these cases, a doctor might check for haemophilia if a newborn is showing certain signs of haemophilia.
Hip dysplasia (HD) is associated with an abnormal joint structure and laxity of the muscles, connective tissue (CT) and ligament that normally support the joint. As this joint laxity develops, the articular surfaces on the femur and in the acetabulum loose contact with each other. This separation within the joint is known as a subluxation and will cause drastic changes in both the size and shape of the articular surfaces. All dysplastic dogs are born with normal hips but the soft tissues surrounding the joint develops abnormally due to the dogs genetic make-up, and possibly other environmental factors, which is what causes the subluxation (1). The subluxation and remodeling of the hip is what leads to the symptoms that are associated with HD.
131). The next type of ischemic stroke, which is thrombolytic, occurs when “a blood clot forms in one of the arteries supplying the brain, causing vascular obstruction at the point of its formation” (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). Blood vessels that have been damaged by atherosclerosis, which is a disease involving the walls of a blood vessel, run a higher risk of thrombosis occurring (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). The final type of of ischemic stroke is a lacunar stroke. A lacunar stroke are “small infracts, usually lying in the deep brain structures, such as the basal ganglia, thalamus, pons, internal capsule, and deep white matter” (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130).
“1 in 17,000 boys have ALD and two of them are mine,” states Janelle Syverson. Adrenoleukodystrophy is a disease that is inherited from the mother to her son through the X chromosome. The disease has affected both of Janelle’s sons and unfortunately one of her sons, PJ, died this past February from this horrible disease. ALD does not allow the breakdown of certain fats from a long chain of fatty acids, which in turn affect the myelin and can cause the myelin to deteriorate. In return this affects the males cognitive behavior and will cause the child to go into a vegetative state within two to five years after diagnosis.
Additionally, infants on mechanical respiration may develop hyocarbia. Hypocarbia, particularly within the first week of life, appears to be linked to the development of periventricular leukomalacia. Periventricular leukomalacia is often detected during a routine sonogram of a premature infant. However, if it is not detected shortly after birth, the patient can present with a number of clinical signs. Clinical signs of periventricular leukomalacia include seizures, apnea, abnormal muscle tone, and leg weakness.
These tumors are constantly growing and most are inaccessible to surgical removal. NF could also cause malignant and bone abnormalities, vascular abnormalities, and pain. Neurofibromas are the most common benign tumor of NF and usually grow on or just under the skin. Sometimes these tumors can occur in deeper areas of the body. Studying NF1 is difficult in 60 % of all cases because of learning disabilities caused by the disorder (Kalamarides et al, 2011).
Research in animals has repeatedly shown that occasionally the injected cells get out of control causing complications like tumors. Adult stem cells, however, have been very effective. Problems like cardiac infarction (death of some of the heart tissue) have been cured by adult stem cells. Also, scientists are in the early stages of embryonic stem cell research so it is hard to tell if we will actually be able to do all the fantastic things that have been promised by supporters. These hoped for treatments may never be, especially due to the difficulties scientists are having.
During my sophomore year of high school, I begin to understand one of the four tenets of osteopathic medicine, which describes each individual as a unit composed of mind, body, and spirit. One of my uncles was diagnosed with chronic kidney disease. As the illness progressed I noticed that the illness affected more than his kidney. It affected his emotional and mental states as well.
Others braces can be used by night time too. The patients that use them are treated and monitored approximately every six months .Another treatment is the spinal fusion surgery treatment that helps to prevent progression but it have more complications as the patient grows and the curve increased. After surgery the patient have to wear a Thoraco-Lumbo-Sacral Orthosis (TLSO) or soft brace such as SpineCor .Others nonsurgical treatment included electrical simulation, physical therapy, chiropractic treatments and biofeedback.
Hip Joint Effusion, Pediatric Hip joint effusion is a buildup of fluid in the hip joint. The hip joint is where the upper leg bone (femur) attaches to the hip bone (pelvic bone). The hip joint is a closed space. The lining of the hip joint (synovium) makes a lubricating fluid. This helps the top of the femur move easily in its socket in the pelvic bone.
Robert Bayley Osgood was a professor of orthopedic surgery and chief of staff of the orthopedic department in a Boston hospital. He published texts on orthopedic surgery and was an author of a 1909 monograph on diseases in the bones. In 1903 he spoke on the painful lesions of the tibial tuberosity in children and adolescents. Carl Schlatter, a Swiss surgeon was a professor of surgery at Zurich. Schlatter is known for performing the first successful total gastrectomy in 1897.
Paget Disease of Bone Paget disease is a condition that makes the bones grow faster than normal. This leads to bones that are larger and weaker than normal. Healthy bones rebuild themselves by destroying old bone and replacing it with new bone tissue. This process usually slows down as a person gets older.
I- Search Description: LSD, the commonly misconceived drug II- Thesis Statement: LSD is a very interesting and misunderstood drug, and society’s view on it is completely backwards. III- Key Findings: Contrary to popular belief, Like cannabis, LSD is made from a natural substance as well called Ergot fungus LSD is commonly bashed upon because many drug dealers will sell other “research chemicals” that can be very harmful LSD is considered one of the safest drugs (considered safer than marijuana due to the fact that marijuana is commonly smoked) LSD only alters the brain’s chemistry for a couple days until it returns to normal The only deaths related to LSD are in immensely high doses that are unrealistic (almost 200 street tabs) or due to