However, without the seeds that nationalism left in its wake, there wouldn't be a need for alliances; since each nation would not want to be superior to one another. The so-called, loyalty, and, pride, which follows nationalism ideology, brought out the factors (militarism, imperialism) that lead to the war. Howard Zinn an American historian, playwright, and social activist stated that “Nationalism is a set of beliefs taught to each generation in which the Motherland or the Fatherland is an object of veneration and becomes a burning cause for which one becomes willing to kill the children of other Motherlands or Fatherlands” (“Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States: 1492-Present. HarperCollins,
Nationalism Nationalism is the belief of being attached to ones nation. It is the political view that your country is great and you strongly believe in nations. The reason why nationalism is good and different from all the other movements is because it keeps your nation together and reduces violence and also keeps the state away from civil war. Nationalism is just like patriotism because they both are individual towards their nation. Nationalism was the most successful form of political force in the 19th century.
With the advent of industrial revolution in the 18th century there occurred a transition from feudalism towards capitalism. This transition was smoothly unleashed by the spirit of nationalism which culminated into the formation of modern nation states. Liah Greenfeld defines Nationalism as "a fundamentally secular and humanistic consciousness based on the principle of popular sovereignty and egalitarianism" . (Greenfeld, "Nationalism and the Mind") This promising principle of egalitarianism intoxicated every mind irrespective of social differences. Nationalism stood as the harbinger of new age.
Nationalism has been the prominent ideology in politics especially since French Revolution, 1789. It is also probably the least understood. Arguments from the nationalism scholars face a problem of coherence when it comes to economic integration. The most usual belief is nationalist are averse to free trade, foreign investment and globalization. This literature review represents a challenging review to the conventional wisdom.
He notes that nations are a continuation of culture, territory and the heritage of communities that existed before the modern nations. This concept is the basis of the ethno-symbolic approach. Gellner’s theory of nationalism starts from the transformation of the society from an agrarian system to one that is based on industrialisation. Before industrialisation, society was based on boundaries between communities and between the different classes of the population. Mass education and social mobility achieved after industrialisation broke the barriers between communities and class.
Nationalism is a great sense of pride in one 's own country and seeks to put your country first regardless of whether it 's politically or morally acceptable to the people that live there. In nationalism, people tend to
“Nationalism is an extreme form of patriotism and loyalty to one’s country. Nationalists place the interest of their own country above the interests of other countries” (“Nationalism as cause”). This form of patriotism started in the early 20th century in Europe. Many nationalists were often exposed to the form of loyalty through newspapers, literature, and music. Nationalism often gave citizens over-confidence in their country’s government and military strength.
Integral nationalism shares many similarities with Fascism, another form of extreme nationalism. Civic nationalism is also known as liberal nationalism. Liberal nationalism defines the nation as an association of people who identify themselves as belonging to the nation, who have equal and shared political rights, and allegiance to similar political procedures. In this case, the core identity of the nation is not ethnicity. There is usually no common ethnic ties in such nations.
Nationalism was prevalent in early 20th century Europe and was a significant cause of World War I. Most pre-war Europeans believed in the cultural, economic and military supremacy of their nation. Their attitudes and overconfidence were fuelled by things like jingoistic press reporting. The pages of newspapers were often packed with nationalist rhetoric and inflammatory stories or rumours about rival nations. Nationalism could also be found in other aspects of popular culture, including literature,
Nationalism and Identity; Authenticity against the will-to-truth. BENJAMIN GUY TICKNER Oslo University Abstract. The revitalization of both civic and political nationalism draws a powerful parallel to the concerns held by Friedrich Nietzsche writing at the end of the nineteenth century. In light of these concerns a detailed analysis of the proliferation of these tendencies seems highly warranted ― one which I am undertaking as part of a much larger project ― yet aside from the question of how Nietzsche’s thoughts can perhaps illuminate a better understanding of contemporary issues, the question of why the genealogical approach is best suited to this task becomes an important stepping stone in pursuit of this larger project.