Ernest Hemingway Code Hero Analysis

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Abstract: Ernest Hemingway’s protagonists share some specific qualities that define them as ‘code heroes’. The code by which the protagonists live is related to dignity, courage, endurance, self-control, and grace under pressure. The protagonists of Hemingway, in the course of their steady evolution, overcome the harsh realities of life with their code. In the novel, To Have and Have Not, Hemingway presents the protagonist, Harry Morgan’s, struggle for existence during the period of economic Depression in 1930s. He is an exceptional fisherman who owns a boat and occasionally arranges fishing trips for tourists to make some quick money. His elemental power is indicated by his physical strength and endurance. Harry is cheated by a tourist, and as a result he is indulged in criminal and illegal activities. Finally, the protagonist dies while trying to feed himself and his family. In this paper, the hero’s choice to confront violence with violence is explored in the light of Jung’s ‘shadow’ archetype struggling to emerge into ‘self’.
Key Words: Code hero, economic Depression, courage and endurance,
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Sing appears unnecessary but this is the only way how the protagonist can overcome his ‘shadow’ archetype. As Harry expresses at the beginning of the novel, if he does not kill Mr. Sing, he will be killed by Mr. Sing on any other day or he has to work as dictated by Mr. Sing. Edmund Wilson (1965) rightly explores the American psyche of the period when he says, “What is most valid in To Have and Have Not is the idea that in an atmosphere (here revolutionary Cuba) in which man has been set against man, in which it is always a question whether your companion is not preparing to cut your throat, the most sturdy and strong and straight forward American will turn suspicious and cruel” (187). It is quite obvious that the behavior of people is conditioned by political and economic upheaval which in turn creates tension in social
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