This discovery is so important because protons are what define what element an atom is. Bohr also used that discovery to find that electrons travel in orbits around the nucleus. Rutherford’s model is called the “solar system model” because in his model because the electrons orbit the nucleus almost like they are like planets orbiting the sun. Rutherford paved the way for the modern model of the atom. He also theorized the existence of the neutron which later was confirmed by James Chadwick in 1932.
In addition, some of Einstein’s discoveries, would go on to make the atomic bomb possible. Possibly one of the most famous equations ever, he created E=mc2. Einstein transformed the laws of time, space, and gravity (Encyclopedia of Scientists). He was the first person to abandon Newton’s light
The technology Arthur Holmes used set him apart from other scientists, while still being accurate today. Arthur Holmes used uranium-lead radiometric dating to measure the age of rocks, which in turn, led to his accurate estimation of the Earth’s age, and the popularity of radiometric dating. Holmes’ prediction would have resembled predictions of other scientists of the time if he did not use the then remarkable, new technology of uranium-led radiometric dating. Although Holmes was the first to use uranium-lead radiometric dating, he did not invent it. Ernest Rutherford in 1905 created it, and Arthur Holmes was the first to accurately use it in 1911.
The theme of science is illuminated by the notion of electricity and "[its] potential to reanimate corpses" (Brown "The Science"). The theme of religion is connected to religious books, philosophies, and actions. One prominent conflict between the themes revolves around Victor Frankenstein's idea of creating life. Throughout most of his career, Frankenstein was involved with the sciences and gained a great interest in the "human frame" (30) and "the physical secrets of the world" (19). He started an experiment for the sake of science, but saw it as a "[success] in discovering the cause of generation and life" (31).
The perception of human existence and its core aspects have never been the same after the developments during the twentieth century. Together with discoveries in physics and chemistry, the century has witnessed two world wars which led to millions of human deaths and other human atrocities. One of the miracles of the twentieth century was the creation of a nuclear weapon. The development of the nuclear weapons followed with further research on the hydrogen bomb as well as all the controversies surrounding the creation of the weapon. These controversies can be directly linked to some issues of moral and ethical significance.
She began to research nuclear decay and specialized in the collection and organization of nuclear data while continuing her research on fission products. Katherine Way, alongside Dexter Masters, findings at ORNL contributed to their co-edited “One World or None: a Report to the Public on the Full Meaning of the Atomic Bomb”. Within the novel, Katharine depicts the truth behind the atomic bomb as, “an illuminating, powerful, threatening and hopeful science which will terrify a lot of confused thoughts about atomic energy.” The book takes on the concern over the morality and use of the atomic bomb on Japan and its future role in society. Katharine was credited with the creation of “One World or None” which soon became a New York Times best seller, selling over 100,000
Because his intended employer planned to use him in the international aspects of the business, Hahn left Germany in 1904 to spend several months in England, where his primary goal was to master the language. Since he felt the need for some kind of other activity as well, he secured a place in William Ramsay 's laboratory at University College, London. While working on a crude radium preparation that Ramsay had given to him to purify, Hahn showed that a new radioactive substance, which he called radiothorium, was present. Fired by this early success and encouraged by Ramsay, he decided to continue with research on radioactivity rather than go into industrial career like he first planned to. After returning to Germany in 1906, Lise Meitner, an Austrian-born physicist, joined Hahn and they
The Cat’s Cradle: A Symbol of False Perception The Cold War era was characterized by a vast amount of technological advancement, yet this exciting period of curiosity was also represented by weapons of mass destruction, such as the atomic bomb. Kurt Vonnegut’s novel Cat’s Cradle features the life of Dr. Hoenikker, the father of the atomic bomb, and how he and his children handle his invention called “ice-nine”, a form of water that crystallizes everything upon touch. Consequently, “ice-nine” eventually leads to mass destruction of life on Earth, and this undermines the blind faith that science was purely beneficial. Throughout Cat’s Cradle, Vonnegut illustrates the stupidity and gullibility of the human condition via the satirical setting
In 2002 it was revealed that Iran had been conducting nuclear experiments in secret facilities where it was found to be enriching uranium and producing heavy water, both associated with the production of nuclear weapons. Soon after this was revealed Iran stopped it’s secret nuclear research, however in 2006 it restarted it’s enrichment processes which peaked in 2010 at which point it was producing 20% enriched fuel. This alarmed the members of the UN security council who had previously instructed Iran to stop it’s enrichment processes, as it mean Iran could potentially have weapons grade uranium within a year.  When it was revealed that Iran
Various laboratory tests can then be carried out to confirm the diagnosis. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test is the most sensitive test to evaluate thyroid function and is usually the first test performed. TSH is a pituitary hormone that regulates the production of two hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). T4 and T3 test is another blood test used to diagnose Grave’s disease. Generally, low levels of TSH and elevated levels of T4 and T3 indicate Graves’s disease.
In 1938, German chemists discovered fission (how to split a uranium atom.) This discovery changed the world forever. A man named Leo Szilard knew that this discovery could power an incredibly powerful bomb. He got the idea from a science fiction book he loved that was written in 1914 by H.G. Wells called, “The World Set Free”, which talked about an atomic bomb.
The Manhattan Project was also aided by help from the UK and Canada. The United Nations gave an abundance of contribution to get scientists from Germany to safety and help supervise the project. The project included a group of top scientists, under General Leslie R. Groves, who worked around the clock to try to develop an atomic bomb within three years. The Americans and the British combined their efforts to research the development of the bomb and created plants and factories to work in. Multiple plants were created for three separate processes: electromagnetic, gaseous diffusion, and thermal diffusion.
With that threat, some of the greatest arguments of a lifetime have been brought to light. There are definite positive and negative aspects of the atomic bomb. It could save thousands of lives, while only hitting high priority targets. It could be used as a deterrent as dictated by mutually assured destruction (M.A.D.). The nuclear capabilities of a country could be used to generate power and not weapons.