Errgonomics In The Workplace

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Musculoskeletal disorders related to work and deemed compensable have become a major public health problem in industrialized countries. Those involved in workplace health are being pressed to provide answers to a broad range of questions concerning the development and control of musculoskeletal problems. School teachers are among the group which appears to suffer from MSDs. Due to long work hours, dissatisfaction from work, work environment, stress, low family and community support are related to Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The teachers reported respectively musculoskeletal pain at specific body parts like eyes, neck, throat shoulder, back, hand, and legs. The future education professional should be informed about the musculoskeletal…show more content…
Ergonomics can be defined simply as the study of work. More specifically, ergonomics is the science of designing the job to fit the worker, rather than physically forcing the worker’s body to fit the job. Adapting tasks, work stations, tools, and equipment to fit the worker can help reduce physical stress on a worker’s body and eliminate many potentially serious, disabling work related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are put into different categories according to pain location. One category is upper limb disorders which include any injury or disorder located from fingers to shoulder or the neck. Another category of musculoskeletal pain disorder is lower limb disorders which include injury and disorders from hips to toes. Possibly the most common MSD is back pain. MSDs can affect the body's muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. Most work-related MSDs develop over time and are caused either by the work itself or by the employees' working environment. They can also result from fractures sustained in an accident. Health problems range from discomfort, minor aches, and pains, to more serious medical conditions requiring time off work and even medical treatment. In more chronic cases,…show more content…
[3][5] Most work-related MSDs develop over time and are caused either by the work itself or by the employees' working environment. They can also result from fractures sustained in an accident. [2] Physical pain can be a constant in the life of the education professional, especially musculoskeletal pain, mainly due to excessive workload by physical exertion performed daily in schools. [6] If there is not enough time for recovery, pain symptoms that account for the high levels of absenteeism due to health conditions in this group of workers are triggered or prompted. Thus, teaching leads to stress, with consequences to physical and mental health and with an impact on professional performance. [12] High strain work was related to an increased risk of developing shoulder and low back symptoms, irrespective of the level of social support.

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