AN ANALYSIS OF GENERAL ENGLISH TEXTBOOK AT THE PREPARATORY YEAR PROGRAM IN AN EFL SITUATION Dr. Taj Mohammad (Assistant Professor,Dept. Of English,Najran University, KSA) firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT A textbook is usually a published book specially intended to assist students to improve their linguistic and communicative abilities (Sheldon, 1987). Its basic purpose is to achieve course goals, aims and objectives. If a textbook is not selected properly, it directly affects teaching learning environment of an institution. The present research aims to to critically analyze the contents of the textbook currently being used at Preparatory Year Program Najran University.
She is constantly explaining a fault in something and after she explains it you feel irritated. She makes you question why things like discrimination against language is a thing that happens because it's so stupid. When she talks about tests in English you also feel a little irritated that some questions are basically open-ended, but there is only a certain type of right answer. When she talks about the struggle of learning English as a second language you start to feel sympathy towards people who do because we know how challenging learning English is when learning it as a first language, but knowing how hard it would be to learn as a second language is something that we can't do and she shines a light on
One reason for inadequate bilingual teacher preparation is the fact that some teachers use the transmission as part of their teaching-learning process instead of applying correctly the bilingual program that the school has. The transmission model of teaching has been used in traditional schooling it aims to view students as empty vessels that the teacher must “fill” with knowledge. This teaching style defines knowledge as “a collection of facts, concepts, principles, and theories that were discovered by experts in the different academic disciplines and packaged into the formal curriculum” (Villegas & Lucas, p.
In support of his findings, Skinner eventually realized that human beings could not only respond also manage their environment to induce results. However, Skinner and Watson both repudiated that thinking or emotion plays a significant role in determining behavior. Instead, humans appear to learn many behaviors -including languages- through repetitions and positive or negative reinforcement. Scientifically speaking, behaviorism explains how learning takes place. When it is taken into account in the field of language teaching, it shows how languages are learned.
In cases where both parents speak different languages, then it’s best if mommy speaks her language to the baby and daddy speaks his language to the baby, by doing so the baby will naturally learn to distinguish and acquire both languages. However, if you’re not a bilingual family, then you need to bear in mind that the more you expose your child to different types of communities, where different languages are spoken, the better are the chances that your baby will acquire both languages equally. Kids also need to understand that they need to learn the language from different people with different languages addressing them. In this way, children will naturally find their way to understand and acquire different
This is not fair to the people who are exceptionally knowledgeable in a subject and just become stressed easily. Furthermore, this proves that standardized tests are not an accurate measure of educational quality. In the preponderance of cases, teachers are better suited to measure how much a student knows about a certain subject (Jouriles). They could tell officials which students can read and write and know the basic subject skills that the tests are testing for. The teachers are also around the students more which can better help the accurately assess how
The 'o' in 'home' is not pronounced the same way as the 'o' in 'glove'. In fact, research shows that the difficulty of developing a strong visual memory for irregular words actually undermines the students' ability to decode phonologically sound words as well. While it is estimated that about 80% of the English language follows phonetic rules, students with weak orthographic processing begin to distrust all words"(Orthographic processing). The previous quotations, show that the effect of visual memory and or-thographic processing is not only on spelling, but also on the other lan-guage skills. Therefore, by developing this cognitive process we can de-velop different language skills, thanks to the extended effect of this factor.
Before looking at the English language from this perspective, I never knew that there were different forms of it. I can really see now how confusing it could be for someone just learning the language to be confused in so many social situations. I just image myself not understanding the typical social norms of our society and I really feel terrible for the students who are still learning. Basic interpersonal communication skills may come naturally for us; however, that is not the case for everyone here in America. I can also see how confusing it could be when learning academically as well.
Jones suggest that, “The reasons students engage in academic dishonesty vary, but as commonly understood, the overriding reason is performance” (144). This directly results in them cheating, because in truth when one is confused one tends to find the shortest way out of things and not utilize the difficult and time consuming method. In case that was not enough, there are those students who simply refuse to be anything short of perfect or first in everything and anything they do. This ideology indirectly forces those kids to cheat in order to maintain their positions in class. In addition,