Esp In English Language

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Learner of English language must know some background about the following term ESP. This paper discusses in details the meaning of the term ESP and its origin. Also, the main phases of the development of this term ESP. In English language, there are a lot of disciplines. Everyone of these disciplines has many vocabulary and expressions that can be used. For that reason, linguists brought this term ESP and it started to developed through the passage of time accidentally. It is an abbreviation for ( English for Specific Purposes). It is related to the need of the learners. What, where, when and how they need ESP for?. This approach can be used to help and facilitate the use of English language for those who are majored in these different disciplines.…show more content…
Learners have different needs and interests that may have a great impact on their motivation and effectiveness. For example, a learner is interesting in computer science would like to learn something about programming, teachers must choose a suitable book or text for this purpose to meet his needs and to make the process of learning better and faster. These three factors that were mentioned are associated with the unplanned development of ESP. The demands of a Brave New World, revaluation in linguistics and focusing on the learner. All plays an importance roll in language learning. (ii) The development of ESP : Since the1960s, ESP came across three phases of development. Nowadays, we are in the fourth phase with the fifth phase. We will take a close look on the five phases in details. We must know that ESP is not a monolithic universal phenomena. It differs in its development speed from country to…show more content…
He provided a file about the learner needs in terms of communication purposes, communicative setting, the means of communication, language skills, functions, structures etc. d- Skills and strategies we had seen the previous stages specially the first two stages of ESP. it is focuses on the surface form of the language ( whether at sentence level, as in register analysis or as in discourse analysis). Also the target situation did not introduce something new because its analysis looked to the surface linguistics features of the situation. This phase looks under the surface and the thinking processes that used in language. There is no famous scholar connected to this phase but we must remember the work of Francoise Grellet (1981),Christine Nuttall (1982) and Charles Alderson and Sandy Urquhart (1984) as having made significant contributions to work on reading skills. There are some other projects that had been done like the National ESP Project in Brazil (see below p. 172) and the University of Malaya ESP Project. These projects that are deal with study situation and it used their native language the means of communication. Students must read numbers of specialist texts in English language. These projects focus on their efforts on reading

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