In this literature review, we are going to discuss the relationship of Child Labor and how can it affect relationships. Also does the family orientation of the child the reason why he/she is forced to work and what is the role of the government in helping to eradicate child labor? Child Labor Child Labor is a factor that impedes on a child’s ability to successfully transition into adulthood. It is recognized as the worst form of abuse and exploitation of children and sadly, it is really rampant today because of poverty. There are millions of children all over the world that are being forced to work by their parents because they are poverty-stricken.
According to the Armenian National Statistical Service’s report (ANSR) (2013:229), the poverty rate in Armenia climbed 27.6% from 2008 to 32.4% in 2012. However, it is proven that poverty hits children hardest. According to the ANSR 4.7% of children live in families whose consumption falls below the extreme (food) poverty line and 41.9% of all children are classed as poor using the total poverty line, while extreme poverty and poverty rates in Armenia are 3.7% and 35.0%, respectively (2012:229). It is estimated that children are more likely to be poor, everything else held equal, if they have a disability or live with a disabled child, if they live in families headed by person with secondary education or lower, if their families are headed by non-married person and if they live in workless households (Yekaterina Chzhen, 2009:2). Whilst these figures do provide some indication of the overall impact of income poverty, Armenia does not yet systematically monitor child poverty and the real impact of social protection measures on poverty reduction; the adopted measures often fail to adequately capture poverty and
Those who traffic people strips their victims of their liberty and violates the right of freedom as proposed by the law. According to reports made available, between 2002 and 2011 out of 1000 persons in the world, three were in forced labor. The notion that its only children and women involved is a lie. Men are also victims of this trafficking. The victims involved in this trafficking represent a wide range of background in terms of nationality, status, age, education and socioeconomic but one feature they do share is the form of vulnerability.
Moreover, the families are not able to afford medical care to support the sick and dying child. Nicotine poisoning affects many child laborers around the world, including Jimena. She is a 14-year-old child laborer working in Guatemala. She claims the Nicotine poisoning drastically makes her extremely ill. “Sometime last year, they [were] spraying beside us while we were working in tobacco fields and that’s when I got sick”(2014). Poor children are continuously suffering from the terrible poison they cannot escape from.
Childhood poverty is a serious issue across the world. For children, poverty is defined as the deprivation of necessary aspects of life such as, nutrition, health, water, education, or shelter. According to Unicef, 47 percent of those living in extreme poverty are 18 years old or younger which means that nearly 385 million children are living in poverty worldwide (based on data from 89 countries).This is a staggering result as this means that children account for almost half of the world’s extreme poor. According to the World Bank Group and Unicef, the youngest children are the worst off. More than one-fifth of children under the age of five in the developing countries face extreme poverty compared to 15% of 15-17 year old that live in poverty.It is appalling that children, as young as five years old are in danger.
INTRODUCTION Street children are school age 5 to 18 years old. The majority are children in difficult situations, who struggle to survive in urban areas. Street children and youths are likely being the victims of HIV/AIDS in ways that can reduce their childhood, then it limits their choices and opportunities for successful survival throughout their lives. It is predicted that millions of children international are displaced or living their lives on the street. It is suggested that thousands of children are too involved in the commercial sex exploitation.
According to the State of America’s Children in the United States and Alabama 2017 Factsheets, 18 percent of the U.S.’s children were poor in 2016, and 25 percent of Alabama’s children were poor in 2016. These statistics are overwhelming due to the fact that child poverty affects all areas of their lives. Children exposed to poverty at such a young age are at a disadvantage in several areas; these children are at risk of low academic achievement, resulting in lasting negative effects. Our economy is not able to thrive if child poverty continues. Children living in poverty are also at risk of dropping out of school, being unemployed, and entering the juvenile justice system.
BUSINESS ETHICS ASSIGNMENT INTRODUCTION Child labor by numbers. 211 million children worldwide are child laborers. 73 million working children are less than 10 years old. 126 million are estimated to work in the worst forms of child labor one in every 12 of the world's five to 17 year’s olds. 8.4 million Children are trapped in slavery, trafficking, debt bondage and other forms of forced labor, forced recruitment for armed conflict, prostitution, pornography and other illicit activities.
In today’s society, cases on prostitution seem to be rising. According to Horton and Leslie (1978), prostitution is considered as “the oldest profession” and they mentioned that prostitution “degrades and abuses women through random sexual encounters” and considers prostitutes as “desperate and unhappy women who are in dire need for change”. Through the years, prostitution is deemed to be illegal in most countries, Philippines included. Prostitution is one of the concerns that the society is facing for it is considered a crime yet its prevalence still seem to be eminent and there are still existing “red zone” areas. In the 2009 study by the International Labor Organization (ILO), it was found out that there are approximately 800,000 prostitutes in the Philippines; half of this number consists of children.
Bullying has been recognized as a major threat both in younger generation and older generation in almost every country in the world. Despite the beauty and charm of this developing country, the Philippines has struggled with bullying issues for years. According to a recent report zero-tolerance policies in schools should be replaced with Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports. School bullying, workplace bullying, sibling bullying and cyberbullying all plague Filipino society. The tragic death of 18-year-old girl is bringing the potential trouble of cyberbullying back into focus.