The real face of the Italian film industry began to appear between 1903 and 1908, by the help of three organizations, which were ‘’Cines’’, ‘’Amrosio Film’’, ‘’Italia Films’’. The very early films were the adaptations of books and theatrical plays, such as the adaptation of the book ‘’The last days of Pompei’’ written by Arturo Amborio. The first popular Italian actors were Emilio Ghione, Alberto Collo, Bartolomeo Pagano and others. The film Quo Vadis done by Enrico Guazzone was the earliest big successful movie in cinema history. Movies such as Cabiria, by Gio Pastrone, was also one of the biggest productions, taking two years of a lifetime to produce.
According to the History of Philippine Cinema, (N.D) [Online Article] retrieved from http://www.aenet.org), Philippine films started from the 1930s, it was a time of discovering film and it is considered an art form. Films before came from the stories in the theater, with the filmmaker being assured of its appeal. Nationalistic films still made a trend despite early restrictions on films being too rebellious. However, according to Juan Malaya (2011) ([Blog Post] retrieved from http://juanmalaya.tumblr.com); Film in the Philippines began with the idea of the foreign entrepreneurs on 1897. They were two Swiss who introduced film in Manila.
But at first, this representation was not very vividly, and if directors wanted to make it 'explicit ', those images were censored and the movies prohibited in certain countries. The film that is believed to be the first one showing some kind of violence (Ruiz Álvarez, 2000) to a big audience was a western: Attack on a Chinese Mission Station (1900), directed by James Williamson. This movie is set on the current event of those times, the boxer rebellion of China between 1898 and 1901. The main plot is the representation of a group of Christian missionaries under the ambush of the boxers. It is normal for the early years of cinema to represent what was happening, because cinema limited itself to that.
Basically the birth of modern Indian Film industry took place around 1947. The period witnessed a remarkable and outstanding transformation of the film industry. Notable filmmakers like Satyajit Ray, and Bimal Roy made movies which focused on the survival and daily miseries of the lower class. The historical and mythological subjects took a back seat and the films with social messages began to dominate the industry. These films were based on themes such as prostitution, dowry, polygamy and other malpractices which were prevalent in our
Introduction To this day, Filipino-made films are cherished by many because of its diversity and the wholesomeness of the story. Often than not, mainstream films are considered to have big budgets, commercially-made and distributed by the biggest production company that the country has. Producers rely extensively on the well-known cast for the revenue of the film and do not make an effort in conceptualizing quality stories. Decades have passed and Philippine mainstream films still focuses more on influential and bigger names in the industry that they think would equate to good films. (Lim, 2016) Background of the Study According to a journal article on Nora Aunor and the Philippine Star System, it is observed that standard film-historical focus on producers and directors, also the vital structuring during the 1960s to mid-1970s of Philippine independent cinema would be the local movie stars that initiate a star system.
In the 1920’s, movies became an important American pastime that evolved because of new technology, the end of World War I, and the economic boom of the 1920’s. Movies became a common American pastime; they evolved from silent movies to talkies, movies with a synchronized soundtrack. Movies played a huge part of the 1920’s by influencing culture and society because of how accessible and entertaining they were, and changed morals and expectations of media. Before the 1920’s, movies were in its infancy stages. The ideas of movies were first thought of by Athanasius Kircher in the 16th century.
Traditional, Pre-Colonial Philippine art serve as a form of documentation in itself of the lifestyle and the culture during that time in history. The usual culprits that most are familiar with are the various potteries and jars were used for rituals, burials, or even for simple storage and everyday tasks. A famous example is the Manunggul Jar which dates back to the metal age. If we base our country’s history on Henry Otley Beyer’s wave migration theory, our pottery culture would have started approximately 60,000 years ago when the Indones migrated to our islands. Aside from pottery, other practices from the pre-colonial era could be considered today as
Thus, Hollywood is considered the birthplace for movie studios. Movie studios play a vital part during the production for a film. The studios are predominantly in charge of everything. This ranges from editing films to setting up “break” rooms for the cast that are on set. In current times, our society is greatly profused with movie studios all over the place, but during the 1920’s, only few studios succeeded due to having the financial stability
2.3 Overview of Nollywood The Nigerian audience’s first experience in film screening was in 1903 at the Galover memorial Hall Farinde (2008) cited (Uchegbu 1992). Even though film was introduced by a European merchant, it took the combined efforts of the colonial administration and the church to sustain the industry Farinde (2008) cited (Ekwuazi 1987). The content of such films can be ascertained easily that the British colonialists were using those films for their colonialization strategies. Over the years the name Nollywood has been frequently used to describe the Nigerian movie industry. Though no one could claim exactly how and when the first time the name “Nollywood” was created of used to refer to the Nigerian movie industry, according
The 1950s are considered the Golden Age of Japanese cinema. The aftermath of WW2 and particularly the atomic bomb, and the subsequent American Occupation left the country scarred, but filled with inspiration and eagerness to start over. As Japanese economy started to rise once more, five major studios emerged that shaped Japanese cinema. Toho, Daiei, Shochiku, Nikkatsu and Toei, hired the most gifted artist of the era and financed their movies, in a tactic that ended up in a plethora of masterpieces. In the process, they also made a lot of money, as the people, having their pockets filled due to rapid economical growth filled the cinemas.