Grammar books give more opportunities to learn a language. It helps the students to use the Second language correctly. They are more actively involved in the learning as the course is designed by keeping the grammar exercises in mind. Grammar exercises practiced in the classrooms which enables the students to make sentences by using the grammar rules. Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adverbs, Prepositions, Articles, and Conjunctions are the basic grammar which helps the Second language learner to use in their speech.
Teaching and learning grammar has always been an important part of learning English language in Bhutanese classrooms. Without grammar, language learning is incomplete. Since the primary objective of language is to communicate effectively, it cannot happen without understating the functions of grammar and the ability to apply them appropriately. It is a well-known fact that teaching and learning grammar is fundamental in building students’ language proficiency. For instance, Debata (2013, p. 482) argues that students with good knowledge of grammar enables them to correct their mistakes and improve a written work.
ABSTRACT Nowadays, students are not giving priority to learn grammar. For improving English language both in and out of the class room, grammar is must. Thus, this paper deals with value and position of grammar in English language teaching and significance of grammar in speech and writing process in English language. INTRODUCTION Grammar is concerned with how sentences and utterance are formed. In typical English sentences, we can see the two most basic principles of grammar, the arrangements of items (syntax) and the structure of items (morphology).
Teaching English grammar helps students to acquire skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing. Without the knowledge of grammar, students cannot speak or write English correctly. Grammar plays a vital role in the teaching and learning any language. The government realized the importance of grammar as a key part of language education. Grammar has become an important part of the school English curriculum from primary to higher education.
The teaching/learning of English grammar has had an important role in our curriculum. In fact grammar as the backbone of a language is taught / learnt for greater communicative competence in schools and colleges but teaching /learning English grammar is considered very difficult for various reasons by both teachers and learners. The teaching / learning of English grammar can be viewed from three different angles – (1) the content itself, (2) a teacher, and (3) a learner. As grammar is an abstract subject, it is difficult to understand it. The terminology of English grammar includes derivatives from Greek and Latin.
Contrary to what some theorists believe, grammar is not merely a set of static rules but rather a body of rules which gives structure to the instructor and the student. It is a crucial factor for one to develop his/her second language properly. The importance of grammar lies in rendering the student self-dependent. Once he/she acquires a decent mastery of grammar, he can use it as a criterion to assess the accuracy of his/her speaking or writing. Moreover, teaching and learning English grammar in the Bhutanese classroom helps students improve spoken communication, writing skills, linguistic creativity and as meaning conveyance.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English class are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
Communicative goals are the goals of learners’ studying English language. So grammar teaching is necessary to achieve the goals. 2.1 Grammar teaching is essential According to the dictionary definition, there are at least two senses of the word grammar, study or science of, rules for, the combination words into sentences(syntax),and the forms of words . Book containing the rules of grammar of a language. Language teaching is generally concerned with the former---uncountable---meaning of grammar.
Grammar is an important essence to communication because it helps structure is sentence and it can help in how well one can communicate. If the students have good writing skills which include syntax, they can be effective communicators because they will be able to catch on the social rules which helps they communicate well. Besides, if students have poor grammar, they will not be able to communicate effectively because they will not make sense to the speaker. Some grammar errors are sound good during communication but some are not. For example “Hey wassap with that?” sounds right but when it is interpreted to the real condition of communication, it may not make sense.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.