Background of the Study:
Baguio is reached via a mountain climb from the lowlands, starting from the plains of Pangasinan and La Union to a pine-clad plateau 5,000 feet above sea level. Situated 250 kilometers north of Manila, Baguio has developed into a multi-ethnic city with a “highly migrant” population (Rood, et. al. 1987). Based on the history, Spaniards and Americans had been the main contributors in the discovery of Baguio City. Primarily, the Spanish conquistadors’ search for the much talked about Igorot gold, which was a magnet that drew the Spaniards to the Cordillera. Next, the American colonialists searched for a health station (Brett, 1996).
When the Commonwealth Government was established in 1935, the Philippine Military Academy (PMA) was created in place of the Philippine Constabulary Academy. Under the National Defense Act, the PMA was authorized to maintain cadet strength of 350. Because of increased population, the academy transferred to Teachers Camp in June 1936 where it remained until WWII…show more content… Yet, due to the amalgam of factors such as the effects of Christianization, economic development, education, and modernization, Ifugao Architecture, like many of the people’s indigenous knowledge systems and practices, are also losing its ground as the present generation of Ifugaos are increasingly being disengaged from their beliefs, customs, and traditions. The history of the Ifugao Architecture is intertwined with that of the people, their socio-cultural beliefs and practices, as well as their traditional knowledge systems and practices. Ifugao Architecture is an essential part of its people rich heritage that allows the present-day generation of the Ifugaos to understand and appreciate their past, but there is barely an effort undertaken to conserve it (Barton,