They conquered nearly all of Asia and achieved the dream of controlling the continental caravan routes from China to Persia (Doc J). The Mongol Empire made significant contributions to the political institutions, economic development, and cultural diversity of many lands (Doc J). In both China and Persia the Mongols had taken up homes among their subjects and blended with the local societies which led to the diversified economic development (Doc J). Mongol emperors built canals to improve transportation and communication also the silk industry benefited from the Mongol conquest. When visited by travelers the Mongols were known to have harsh laws on theft make them very trustworthy to trade with (Doc K).
The Mongol Empire is what links Europe and Asia during frequent, extended, and brutal conflicts between the East and the West. I took a 10-day trip through the Mongol Empire and the Silk Road. Starting from Rome and ending in Malacca, I learned quite a bit. The whole empire is rich with culture and history. The first place I visited was in Rome.
However, by 1000 CE, the European political leaders were already improving and became politically more stable than before because of the Mongol exchange. The Mongols trade from the East to the West, global trade expanded sharply under the Mongol Empire. Exchanges during the Mongol era by the Christian missionaries, Italian merchants and European diplomats. Intellectual exchanges of art and knowledge were continuous. Historian Jack Weatherford stated in his book that “The Mongols made culture portable: it was not enough to merely exchange goods, because whole systems of knowledge had to also be transported in order to use many of the new products” For example, drugs were not profitable unless one knew its medical
The Mongols lived a nomadic lifestyle, often at the outskirts of other developing civilizations. An illiterate people, the Mongols trained themselves to ride horses and use siege weapons, making them excellent warriors. As they swept through much of Asia, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe, conquering numerous lands, the Mongols began to be known as strong
One English teacher working abroad found that his Mongolian students found the Chinese to be horrible people, stating that, “…all Chinese are by nature untrustworthy, dirty, and they have always been and will always be enemies of Mongolia.” (“The Lasting Impact”). The Mongolians still loathe the Chinese because of the genocide. They feel that the Chinese will never change. In both cases, very few people remember that either event
The Mongols had embraced some of the Persian cultures like “viniculture thrived under the Mongols” (Doc. 6). The Mongols were great wine drinkers which made Persia thrive. The Persians have trade wine too in which this is what the Mongols wanted them to do so they would make money. Additionally, the “silk industry also benefited” the conquest (Doc.
This meant that Mongols cared for more than just conquering and destroying cities, that they were actually civilized. Many different careers flourished under Mongol rule. For example, the arts, winemaking, and silk-making industries thrived because of the Mongols love for art, wine, and their contacts to China (Document J). Another major innovation that was created was the Pax Mongolica. The Pax Mongolica protected the tax free customs zones that helped Persia, Armenia-Georgia, Asia, and China prosper (Document J).
In the period 1200 to 1400 Eurasia was the home to the Mongols. During this time the Mongols conquered and ruled many parts of Eurasia. Mongols were pastoralists who lived on the Asian steppes. They lived in mobile tents called yurts and depended on their horses for everything from food to clothing. They were experts at horseback riding, as it was taught from a young age.
The Mayans lived in the land between Columbia and the Southern United States, and there were no civilizations to aid them if they ran short of supplies. Therefore, the Mayans had to develop an intricate trade network to satisfy their materialistic needs. The Mayans had no animals to carry the supplies for them, so workers would drag loads of up to 150 pounds for 10 hours every day to transport them to other Mayan cities. (Doc A) This required lots of effort, because though humans are extremely adaptable, it takes a lot of practice and hardship to be able to carry that much weight without completely exhausting the