The Cause Of Poverty In Africa

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The Causes of Poverty in Africa
“Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity, it is an act of justice. Like Slavery and Apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings.” ~ Nelson Mandela (Goodreads)

Due to poverty, approximately 22,000 children under the age of 5 die daily (UNICEF). According to Global Finance’s poorest countries list, 9 out of the 10 poorest countries in the world are located in Africa. The main causes of poverty in Africa are overpopulation, no global distribution of resources, and poor education. Overpopulation strikes a country when the population is greater than the amount of resources available. When the resources are decreasing as more are used
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Overpopulation makes a country stretch out of its boundaries - making everything too small to divide equally between everyone. Once a country is overpopulated, food becomes harder to find, water becomes harder to reach, and land becomes harder to farm. As a country’s population increases all the resources that are used for everyday survival decreases. Countries like Nigeria and Ethiopia are overpopulated, in fact, only 24% of Ethiopia’s entire population has access to safe water ( Showing that overpopulation is a direct cause to starvation. Overpopulation is also a problem because of how much more damage is caused to an overpopulated country in comparison to an averagely populated country. It makes a country more fragile and more prone to poverty. If a disease were to break out in the middle of an overpopulated region, much more people would die because of generally having a larger population and being in poverty, so more people die and are the same people who can’t do anything about it. As well as countries in Africa are overpopulated, it doesn’t necessarily mean that they suffer from lack of land, but that they suffer from lack of fertile land, this ties in with Africa’s geographical location, being located as part of the Sahara Desert. Leading to no farming and less food, again, causing a bigger decrease in resources. Since…show more content…
It’s something that countries get stuck in, and can’t get out of. All the points above are connected to each other, and impact each other. Overpopulation, global distribution of resources, and poor education and unemployment are the three main causes of poverty in Africa, and can apply to all countries in poverty in general. What we need to know about poverty is that it is man-made. Meaning the same way we had the ability to create it, we have the ability to eradicate it. Thus, solutions to poverty are reachable. Some solutions to poverty are; programs run by richer countries to fund certain unaffordable services such as education, which will create more jobs within the country including important medical jobs. To create more jobs would be a big step towards poverty eradication because of how jobs effect the distribution of money in a country. As money begins to flow through a country’s economy because of increasing employment rate it’s taking a secure path towards ending poverty. Another way which includes the participation of everyone, not necessarily only rich countries’ governments, but everyday normal people, to donate to charity. Organizations like UNICEF work directly to stopping poverty, donation using these kinds of organizations would help countries in poverty in a different way because a link from them to us normal people is how they become stronger, both mentally and physically. Again, poverty is man-made, and so it can be ended, by

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