Poverty is defined as the lack of basic human needs; and Africa is known to be the poorest continent, in which Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in that continent. According to statistics Tanzania has 30 to 40 percent poverty, and one of main issues that cause this poverty is that the rich exploit the poor for personal gain, and the lack of education in the community. This problem has been there even before Tanzania transitioned from a colony to an independent country. Even though, Tanzania is improving in terms of reducing poverty it remains one of the world’s poorest country. Many people including the father of Tanzania “Julius Kambarage Nyerere” tried to solve the issue of poverty in Tanzania by implementing policies to help the economy, but they failed.
The most of the poverty is present in Africa and in the countries of the Third World. In addition, a lot of children die in these countries because of disease or famine. According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. And they “die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world. Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death“.
Author Richard Grant describes these situations as “a problem from hell” when visiting some of the most rural and poor places in Mississippi. Education is a major obstacle that many students encounter when struggling to escape from Mississippi’s never-ending problems. As a result, the Delta has a consistently high rate of high school dropouts or failures. In addition to deficient school systems, “ The South is home to the most children living below 50% of the poverty line” which supports the idea that children living in unstable environments are enveloped with poverty (Hughes). The Delta has developed into an underprivileged community where “24% of Southern students attended school in districts in which extreme child poverty rates dipped below 5%” (Hughes).
Chronic Poverty is a state of extreme poverty which makes it impossible for people to escape, given their lack of resources and assets. It is absolute poverty experienced for an extended period of time or even over a life course and is unable to satisfy his minimum requirement of food clothing or shelter(CPRC,2004). Chronic poverty is associated with greater vulnerability and harsher consequences because of the continuous depletion and erosion of assets and resources with longer time in poverty (Barrintoes,2007). The Chronic poverty reports, according to CPRC, suggest that close to 40% people in chronic poverty are in developing nations (CPRC2005). Therefore, chronically poor are those who are not able to meet their minimum subsistence needs, lack access to the hey productive assets and are highly dependent on public and/or private transfers(Devereux,2003).
• Overpopulation • Lack of resources • Lack of skills • Lack of materials • Lack of education • Poor governance • Corruption • Favouritising a certain group of people These are all the faces of the poverty in South Africa. Social issues such as over population, which is defined as having too many people with too little resources and too little space. This therefore creates a stress on the availability of the resources as there is not enough for the amount of people. In South Africa, women have an average of 5.5 kids, and the president, Jacob Zuma, has 21 children. There are 54 million people in South Africa, with 4.7 million unemployed which then leads to crime rates increasing as more people become desperate to survive.
In fact many of the poor people are deprived of basic needs like food, shelter and cloths. High inflation rate not only reduces the purchasing power of people but reduces their living standard and their savings are decreased hence they remain poor. Moreover the health and education of their children is affected as with their wages they can only purchase basic needs. In short inflation combined with being poor is
With further research on the topic it is made known that “Eighty percent of the country’s population lives in poverty” (Jackson, N/A). While exploring some of the reasons why Haiti is in such poverty it became clear that there is a connection between “papa doc” and “baby doc” and the Duvalier’s and how they contributed to Haiti’s poverty. “The Duvalier’s left Haiti economically decimated. A large number of educated professionals left the country during the Duvalier regimes, and the period that followed was so unstable, it was hard to lay down roots and build infrastructure. International investment was limited because it was an unreliable business environment” (Smith,
However, South Africa have a high cost and low performance system in which students are paying for more than what they are receiving. There are minimal proper teachers scattered and the rest are unqualified. A lack of classroom discipline is also a major issue in South Africa due to insuffiecient classroom equipments and access to appropriate books. All of this has lead to a colossal destruction and amongst the reputation of education is South Africa packaged with negative and concerning perspectives of the teaching craft. South Africa is losing a warning amount of teachers per year with the statistic of 23, 000 teachers and replacement couting from 3,000 to
Poor people are unknown of their lack of voice, power, and rights, which leads them to exploitation. A poor person being unable to take part in social and cultural norms leads to breakdown of social relation among the people. Poverty is mainly seen in developing and under developed nations like Nepal, Bangladesh etc. More than 25% of the population in Nepal still lives below the poverty line. All the poor countries are facing serious effects of poverty which need to be solved.