With the increase of population the number of vehicles in the urban areas will also increase, but if the land area won’t get expand it will lead to traffic congestion. This is a huge negative impact on the country’s economy. The main negative impact from traffic congestion is the wastage of fuel, energy. Other than that; wastage of time, difficulties in parking, less efficiency and effectiveness are some negative impacts of traffic congestions. • HIGH MAINTANANCE COST To meet the higher urbanization and higher population new infrastructure has to be provided and as well as has to upgrade the current
Meaning, the bureaucracy handles responsibilities in a timely and efficient manner. Mentioned above, low pay deters executives from joining the public sector but it also deters those at the entry-level positions as well. Recruitment for the bureaucracy now includes tests to assist in finding candidates who can fulfil the requirements of the position and to be as fair as possible. For government positions, the required qualifications are truly required for the positions. While in the private sector if the hiring manger really likes the candidate or the candidate comes with excellent references, the company can overlook their lack of qualifications and still offer the candidate the job, in the public sector this is not an option.
His staff should be limited until a time when business increases and the additional workers are needed. Delegating more authority to other managers to allow present managers to focus on a certain issues instead of multiple issues, can create better management of that department and greater focus on the issues of that department. Reporting information could be easier if regular meetings were held to discuss the current state of the firm to better understand what issues need attention and how to address them. 2. Do Robin Hood and the Merrymen need a new mission?
He called Metro Manila the ‘Gates of Hell’(Flatplanet,2014). This indicates that the traffic congestion in Manila is really beyond normal that is even acknowledged internationally. Therefore, the Philippine government should fix the current competition in Metro Manila by decongesting by way of proper zoning of businesses and firms, for this is a feasible solution for the congestion in the
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY With the traffic condition of Metro Manila getting worse, urbanization is one thing that contributes to the traffic congestion causing highly dense areas, resulting to the poor planning of zone, and thus traffic congestion gets worse as time increases. As the life in Metro Manila grows, people need safe, comfortable and reliable mode of transportation and so authorities are eyeing for ‘the’ most efficient way of solving or may be easing the worsening traffic condition here in Metro Manila, which works in other countries like Singapore, Japan and America, that is Congestion Pricing. Congestion Pricing is one way to help reduce traffic congestion. According to William Vickery, congestion pricing works by making the charge during peak hours high depending on factors like condition of the traffic, time and location. In a study released by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Philippines is losing about 2 billion pesos a day
Traffic congestion is a worsening problem. Throughout the 20th century, studies in the field of transportation have been all about the reduction of vehicular congestion. The association of this dilemma as a hindrance to various social dimensions, incorporating the concept of urbanization and development, has been obviously undeniable. Across the globe, traffic congestion has caused a major setback in terms of lifestyle and economic sustainability. In fact, according to Cervero (2013), time losses from traffic congestion are estimated to comprise 2 percent loss of total GDP in Europe and 2 to 5 percent in Asia.
This is because the statistic on the road accident in Malaysia showing a sharp rise starting this few years. C. Thesis statement (2 marks): The increasing rate of road accident is no longer a trivial case since the driver themselves neglect their disciplines on the roadway, the illegal races are increasing and the road structure is not in satisfactory condition. II. Body A. Topic sentence (2 marks): Having a bad behaviour on the roadway contributes the highest percentage to road accidents.
As Mercurio (2016), cited Josh Forbes, senior advisor of the American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines who stated that “At the rate the traffic situation is getting worse, Metro Manila may become “uninhabitable” within four years.” The claim made by Mr. Forbes is something that is hard to oppose. As Filipinos can see traffic in Metro Manila worsens everyday. From numerous cases of death and unexpected childbirths on the middle of the road it is hard to argue that people in Metro Manila would still want to live in the area. The senior adviser also added “Metro Manila is at risk of becoming uninhabitable as annual new car growth increases to 500,000 by 2020,” Forbes said. “While roads are being improved throughout the country, the National Capital Region urgently needs more limited access roads, especially skyways, and rail.” As mentioned earlier it is inevitable that the number of cars will get higher and higher every year.
The process of urbanization is linked with the economic development, which makes an increasingly higher contribution of the national economy. However, when the growth of urban population takes place at an exceptionally rapid rate, most cities and towns are unable to cope with changing situations due to their internal resources constraints and management limitations. Provision of infrastructure services viz., water drainage and sanitation along with waste disposal are greatest concern to human settlements. Failure to provide these services adequately results in many of well-known costs of rapid urbanization: threats to health, loss of urban productivity and environmental quality. On one hand, pressures for modernization give rise to continuous development activities, which deplete natural resources.
Based on an LTO Study (2015), “With the fast paced increase of car ownership in Metro Manila alone, peaking a max of 2,101,148 registered vehicles in recent years.” The study also states that “…add the citizen-noted inability of some drivers to follow rules, traffic congestion has been recognized to have worsened compared with previous years.” Furthermore, the news station CNN even reported that Metro Manila is one of the cities that has the “worst traffic on Earth” in 2015. Moreover, Cervero (2013) stated that “Manila is one of the Asian megacities suffering from the many ills of excessive street traffic. In the last three decades, these cities have experienced an extraordinary increase in the number of vehicles plying their streets, while at the same time they have sprawled into adjacent areas forming vast megalopolises, with their skyline pushed upwards with the construction of many high-rises. The joint processes of globalization, outsourcing, and the relocalization of manufacturing activities have been accompanied by a rise in the purchasing powers of many people in developing Asian countries, which has allowed them to acquire motorized vehicles, motorbikes and automobiles, even if profound inequalities exist in regard to the capacity to acquire a vehicle”. For Boquet (2013) even mentioned in her study