In Ted Talk I believe Zimbardo did a good job explaining the idea of evil. He believes that there is no line between good and evil. Good people can turn bad and bad people can be good ,depending on circumstance around them. When Zimbardo demonstrates sadistic photos of prisoners , I was shocked and sad about how far the soldiers are willing dehumanize because of power and control was involved and the environment. Then he explain the same situation happen in the Stanford prison experiment.
If his ideas are theoretical, purely intellectual, and his challenge to society is limited to words, Dorian Gray embodies the theory in practice. Dorian begins to lead a double life: a brilliant surface hides the criminal essence. Still, even while living freely, he is not frivolous, thus his youth and appearance allow him to maintain in the eyes of society the impression of the spotless purity: “Even those who had heard the most evil things against him, and from time to time strange rumours . . .
“In the Penal Colony” by Kafka, demonstrates the power of bureaucracy and how it attacks a person’s quality of life and diminishes their level of humanity. The officer in the story, he who is in charge of executing prisoners with an apparatus, shows his sentiment towards it but is then met with the traveler who condemns it. The officer does not realize the lack of morality in his actions because he is a tyrant. Accordingly, the position of the officer results in tyranny as he fully internalizes the system that was instated by the old commandant which is what eventually kills him. This can be seen through the officer’s reasoning when he makes his decisions and the traveler’s disapproval of the apparatus.
LIke stated above both of these characters started to feel comfortable at some point in their captivity. The reason this was mentioned is because they actually experienced it. If someone just wrote about being captured but never went through it then the story will contain a lot of bias. This bias would mainly include the cruelty of the capturers and nothing about the good things that they did. Given these points, we notice that in both of our stories our characters slowly become comfortable in their captivity.
“ I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary: the evil it does is permanent.”- Mahatma Gandhi In the novels Lord of the Flies by William Golding and Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad both novels have scenes of violence that help contribute to the meaning of the complete work that the novels deal with the theme of civilization versus savagery. Both of these novels show us how all humans have a heart of darkness or an evil inside them that is usually concealed by the rules and ways of civilization. When civilized humans are taken away from civilization and put in an untamed place their darkness is bound to come out. The island the boys are trapped on in Lord of the Flies is located far from the modern
He started to behave in a way that was cruel and far harsher than the rest of the guards and at the end of the experiment claimed it was because he was conducting his own experiment to see how far they would let him go until they retaliated. The way he behaved portrayed that, even though he might not have come into the experiment with the intention to release that behavior from within, but his actions became a roll that he took too far. A sociocultural component shown in the film were the ways that the volunteer guards interpreted the stigmas around being a prison guard. That they should be cold, strict, and unnervingly verbally abusive. Time upon time in the film, the volunteer guards were verbally abusive of their power with the prisoners.
The boys must adapt to their situation and try to remain civilized. As time goes on, some of the boys’ conscience fades away. Golding illustrates the idea of good and evil through the characters. The essential theme of the novel is that all humans have a little evil inside of them is articulated by Jack, Ralph, and Roger. In the beginning, Jack still has a moral sense, but it quickly dwindles away.
It showed how normal civilians acted when they were given authority over others. Even the most cordial, intelligent people can take on an evil, machiavellianistic nature when introduced to a dominant role in an individualized setting. This experiment taught psychologists so many things about human behavior and the prison system. It is an event that is taught in classrooms all over the world. While some people question the ethics of the experiment, it paved the way for more understanding as well as the reform of psychological practices
The “prisoners” in the experiment have to deal with poor sleeping conditions, physical and verbal abuse and ruthless guards, while in a real prison, prisoners experience similar but more extreme conditions. In the film 13th we see examples of how prison guards act in a real life situation. Brutality and humiliation are common place in this environment especially when race is involved. Both of these scenarios are vastly different, the 13th dealing with the prison system from a racial standpoint as well as a breakdown of how the prison system works once you are in it, while the Stanford experiment focuses on how people react under the extreme conditions of a prison environment. Both situations have to deal with the breakdown of men and how they are reprogrammed to conform to the new set of laws they must now live
Beatty shares to Montag his belief that literature is confusing and are full of meaningless words. In addition, he claims that reading can be harmful to oneself. According to Beatty, the mass censorship and burning of books ordered by the government are acts of societal good. Beatty shares his personal belief that, “Technology, mass exploitation and minority pressure carried the trick, thank God. Today, thanks to them, you can stay happy all the time” (Bradbury 55).