Kate Chopin’s short story “The Story of an Hour” is set in the late 1800s – a time when women were considered inferior to men. Women had traditional roles as wives and mothers. In this 19th century patriarchal society, Chopin shows us Louise Mallard, the main character, who does not comply with the female gender norms of the Victorian period. When Louise learns about the death of her husband, her reaction and the reaction of her sister and the doctor tell us a great deal about gender stereotyping during this time. Louise Mallard is described to us as “firm” and “fair.
The names of subscriber to the organization are listed; and a detailed account of expenses incurred. American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States. The Second Annual Report of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States. Washington, D.C: Printed by Davis and Force, 1819.
In Story of an Hour author Kate Chopin paints a different picture of a woman in the late 1800’s with the same outcome as Edna, death. We don 't know much about the main character, Mrs.Mallard other than that she suffers from a severe heart problem. Through Mrs.Mallard’s heart problem, Chopin tells the story of a woman held back by her obligations as a wife. When the news of her husband 's death was first brought to Mrs. Mallard that her husband died, her sister chose to be cautious so that she did not cause her to have a heart attack. “It was her sister Josephine who told her, in broken sentences; veiled hints that revealed in half concealing.”
Anyway, basically Louise is a young, married woman with a frail heart. Her sister tells her that her husband is reported to have been in a fatal accident. First she grieves, and then she goes to her room. She finds that she’s feeling comfortable, free. She’s celebrating his death in the sense that it has unlocked her freedom.
From the grave, her daughter Emily asks the Stage Manager, “Do any human beings ever realize life while they live it? - every, every minute?” Emily has a unique perspective because she is dead and wishes that everyone could appreciate life while they are living it. Emily’s insight emphasizes that time is short for the living. Even after great loss, it is important that Mrs. Webb move forward.
Her sister, Josephine, goes up to the room to check on her. Finally, Mrs. Mallard and her sister come out of the room. Suddenly, Mr. Mallard walks in and Mrs. Mallard quickly finds out he’s not dead. She sees him and has a tremendous shock and dies. According to the doctor she dies of shock and joy.
Her “heart trouble” is alleviated with her husband’s death, as she is finally able and ready to live with the freedom that she has been longing for. Lastly, several occurrences in the story suggests dramatic irony. When Mrs. Mallard is locked up in the room, Josephine implores admission and begins to worry about her as she will make herself ill. While Josephine begs her, the audience is conscious of Mrs. Mallard’s true feelings of happiness. Mrs. Mallard has seemingly become depressed and been mourning, and Josephine does not want to leave her alone.
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s novel, Purple Hibiscus, reflects her perspective on gender because she distinguishes characters like Mama and Aunty Ifeoma as women with contrasting viewpoints on ‘shrinking themselves’. Mama embodies society’s standard to belittle herself by desiring to return home after Papa abuses her. In Nsukka, Mama decides to travel back to Enugu even though she suffers a miscarriage due to Papa smashing a table on her womb. Aunty Ifeoma compares the twisted family chemistry to “a house [that] is on fire” because of the insensible violence that her “nwunye m” faces (Adichie 213). Ifeoma refers to Mama’s mistreatment as a house that is burning down to foreshadow the rising tension in the family.
So, after the late 1800’s moving to the early 1900’s women became more independent. However, in The Story of An Hour written by Kate Chopin in 1894 represent a short story about Mrs. Mallard had received a disastrous news about her husband's death during a railroad disjunction. Mrs. Mallard heard the news from Josephine and Richards, her sister and Mr. Mallard’s friend. They both failed to comfort Mrs. Mallard for her lost, as Mrs. Mallard wept and abandoned them by retreating
“The Yellow Wallpaper” a short story written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and published in 1892, is both a psychological and feminist piece of literature. It demonstrates oppression, defined as “the feeling of being heavily burdened, mentally or physically by troubles, adverse conditions, anxiety, etc.” The story, written in a form of a journal, is seen through the eyes of a nameless female narrator, who moves with her husband, John, to an estate during the summer to cope with her “hysteria”, eventually leading her to a state of oppression and insanity. The story reflects the confinement and restraint most women during the 1900s felt in marriages and the inferiority women had too men.
"The Story of an Hour ' ' by Kate Chopin and "The Yellow Wallpaper ' ' by Charlottle Perkins Gilman are short stories about women in the late 1800 's. In "The Story of an Hour" the woman is living in the city, her husband has gone off to work, she has a heart condition, and she has believed he was dead. The husband appears and she dies because her chance at freedom is lost. While "The Yellow Wallpaper" is in a country house on vacation. She is forced to play sick and is told she must rest by her husband and doctor. As a result she moves into madness believing the wallpaper has come alive.
Edna has found her new found freedom by moving out of her big house she shared with her husband into a smaller house for herself. She is still trapped by her feeling s for Robert. He comes to visit her for the last time; Edna leaves Robert at her house and told him to wait for her. When she got back, Robert wasn’t there and left her a note, “I love you. Good-by –because I love you.”
In “Story of an Hour” and “The Yellow Wallpaper” the authors describe the marriage of two different women. They show how the two main characters, who both happen to be women, were treated in their marriage. These stories describe how some women were treated back then even though only few might of been treated the way these two were. Whether it be good or bad these two marriages gave a viewpoint of the women being treated in a poor way to most people. While people see bad in both I can pick out good that come from "The Yellow Wallpaper.
“The Story of an Hour” tells us about Louise Mallard who in the midst of her mourning the death of her husband, who was presumed to have been killed in at train accident, she is also rejoicing. After realizing what her life would be like without her husband she feels nothing but joy and keeps repeating, “Free, free, free!” to herself. This shows that her husband, Brently, did not give her much freedom to do anything and not let her leave their home. Mrs. Mallard’s heart condition, as stated in the beginning of the story, is the main excuse as to why he kept her isolated. However, Mrs. Mallard’s reaction to her husband’s death represents how marriage’s in the nineteenth century where because back then women were dependent of their husbands, so they were not given much freedom and they were oppressed by men especially, in marriages.
The surprise endings makes the works compelling and exciting to read. “The Story of an Hour” uses both dramatic and situational irony. The dramatic irony comes at the end of the story. The characters believe that Mrs. Mallard died of “joy that kills,” but the reader knows differently (168). The reader is able to understand that Mrs. Mallard felt free of her husband when she thought he was dead because the narrator took the reader inside of Mrs. Mallard’s room.