Essay Food Pyramid

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2.1 Diet
Eat According To Food Pyramid
The Malaysia Food Pyramid provides a simple guideline for individuals to vary their supplements of food according to the total daily food serving as recommended. An individual should consume a balance diet in order to stay healthy. It is impossible to achieve sufficient nutrients by consuming only a single type of food. Generally, a food pyramid consists of four levels that represents five food group. The size of the food pyramid becomes smaller going from the base to the peak indicating one should consume food more at the base and lesser as going up. Therefore, we shall eat accordingly to food pyramid so as not to exceed the servings recommended as obesity occurs as a result of improper intake of food.
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Food and vegetables are good sources of fibre, vitamins, minerals and phytochemical which help to strengthen the immunity. For instance, fresh green leafly vegetables, coloured or bean vegetables and fresh fruits. Consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables ( 3 servings of vegetables per day, 2 servings of fruits per day ) is beneficial in prreventing several chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus type 2, cardiovascular diseases and certain cancers.
Level 3 builds up the third level of the food pyramid which is divided into two portions. Fish, poultry, meat and legumes are located in the first portion. They are good sources of protein which are building blocks of the body, rich in vitamin B, iron, folate and zinc, therefore should be consumed moderately. The recommended intake is ½ - 2 servings of poultry, milk, egg, 1 serving of fish and ½ - 1 serving legumes.
The second portion consists of milk and dairy products, which are high in protein, rich in wide range of minerals and vitamins such as vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B2 and zinc. For example, yogurt, milk and cheese. Milk helps to build strong bones and teeth apart from preventing osteoporosis in elderly age. It is recommended to take 1 – 3 servings per

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