Essay On 20th Century Globalisation

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Globalisation is understood as the process of increasing interdependence and international integration between countries, people and institutions across the globe. Despite being often perceived as a modern phenomenon, one can argue that each era experienced some kind of “globality” ; the only question would be, what are the leading trends of each period and who benefits from them? (Bellon, 2010). This paper aims to describe the differences between 20th and 21st century globalisation. We will cover the three main ideological and technological drivers of change and their consequences ; the end of bipolarity, the nation-state crisis and most importantly, the communication revolution and transformation at the end of the 20th century (Badie, 2014). The end of the cold war and the fall of the USSR put an end to the imperative need to side with one of the superpowers, breaking one of the biggest symptoms of 20th century globalisation, bipolarity. The rise of multipolarity represented an important ideological shift for the 21st century, the end of hegemony and the rebirth of regional powers, notably through the birth of natural economic…show more content…
The role of international institutions was then seen as that to protect people from war (Badie, 2014). With the end of WW2 came the rise of power politics through the common understanding that war was only won thanks to US power. International Institutions were established with the appearance of multilateralism but with one major difference : a veto right was self-attributed by the US and claimed by other leading powers at the time (Badie, 2014). These institutions are still in place today and although they do not reflect today’s state of affairs, all attempts to reform them are actively being blocked at an institutional
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