Although hundreds of lives were lost against the virus, there came a cure later on. It leads to the virus becoming a simple illness in the future rather than a sickness with the power to take many lives. The argument that all viruses remain deadly has been proven false through the novel itself. However, Preston wanted to show the deadliness of the disease. Through his explanation of the disease, he unintentionally pointed out the fact that such a gruesome virus may be cured
Introduction: When HIV (Human Immunodeficiency virus) was discovered and established as the causative agent of AIDS in 1983-1984(1), the majority of people thought that vaccines against this HIV would be developed and applied rapidly. But, this was not going to happen in case of HIV as in AIDS, virus-induced immune response possess no ability to prevent re-infection and also not capable of slowing down the progression to disease. The development of an HIV vaccine took almost 30 years of intense laboratory and clinical work. And because of this intense work, today we are closer to develop an HIV vaccine but, it is difficult to predict the time when we have the vaccine that possesses sufficient efficacy for implementation in public health programs
To this date Cholera is still a global problem and causes about 130.000 deaths every year. Another major outbreak was the 1918 Spanish flu, which was extremely contagious. 500 million people all around the world were infected and 50 to 100 million of them were killed, which was about 3-5% of the world’s population. What really accelerated the spread of the disease was the fact that for a long time reports about the outbreak were withheld from the public due to military reasons connected with World War I. Interestingly, the only country where newspapers reported on the flu was Spain, which was neutral. Therefore, the impression was created that this country was the only one affected.
Millions of people worldwide are now living with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. In 1996-1997 there was a treatment breakthrough: The AIDS cocktail drug- HAART (Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy) could cut viral load to undetectable levels. But very few people had access to this treatment. Only 1% of the million African countries with HIV received the treatment. Why?
One of these is that the disease is very deadly and hard to detect in its initial stage. The endemics in Africa, since the 1980s, have affected predominantly children 15 years and younger, making it a huge issue. Although only 15% of cases are believed to develop into the potentially deadly second stage, having much of the youth of central Africa killed due to a preventable disease means
Prevention can be done through vaccination of avoiding of any contact with an infected individual. Smallpox has been on Earth for hundreds of years and is known to be one of the most deadliest diseases/ epidemics ever experienced by humanity. It kills about thirty percent of all people infected and spreads very quickly as it is highly contagious. Smallpox is known to happen to even some of the most significant icons all throughout history including George Washington, Abraham Lincoln and Mozart. It's been one of the deadliest diseases to ever spread in this world for the past hundred years which has now been eradicated saving millions of lives every year.
The prevention of transmitting STDs has proven to be a controversial subject in the United States. The argument comes not from the objective of eliminating STDs, which everyone shares, but the differing strategies for arriving at that goal. The theory is that even mentioning condoms, much less admitting that they dramatically reduce the possibility of HIV infection, sends a “mixed message” about the worth and value of total abstinence up until marriage. Groups such as the National Abstinence Education Association (NAEA) state that avoiding sexual activity before marriage is the only surefire or secure method of protecting oneself from STDs. According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, the average age for Americans to lose their virginities is around 17 for both men and women.
Ebola in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, an increase of new HIV infections and a rise of various diseases caused by war and radioactive contamination are just some of the problems we face today. A very brief look at our daily news is enough to show the desperate need for global health solutions. The simple observation is: diseases do not stop at a country's border. Therefore the global health policy designated to fight them should not do so neither. What is needed are aspiring health policy makers who are not only able to assess the current medical danger and the correlative need to act but who are also capable of designing substantive counter-measures and procedural ways to convince a majority of the respective decision making body that
This means to say that everyone should have access to good standard health. However this is not the case in public health systems. Their constraints limit the capacity to provide universal health. For instance with HIV, which is the biggest epidemic in South Africa, access to antiretroviral treatment for people who are marginalized, poor and living with HIV becomes difficult. Moreover if these individuals get access to the treatment, because they are poor, they might not have access to a balanced diet which needs to be taken with the pills and this ultimately worsens their health (Sen & Östlin, 2008).
In South America, access to birth control and abortion is very limited. If in all 5 countries contraceptive pills can be bought with or without prescription in pharmacies, they remain, together with condoms, very expensive. Moreover, it is very common in the region for men to decide about the usage of contraceptives or not. 25% women declare to not be in the capacity to decide for their own birth control methods, as they do not dare to contradict their partner; while over 20% declare not using birth control for financial reasons or for lack of access and/or information. Mindsets have evolved quite a bit during the last years, and women are increasingly active in defending their rights.