Absenteeism is a serious workplace problem and an expensive occurrence for both employers and employees seemingly unpredictable in nature. A satisfactory level of attendance by employees at work is necessary to allow the achievement of objectives and targets by a department. Employee Absenteeism is the absence of an employee from work. It is a major problem faced by almost all employers of today. Employees are absent from work and thus the work suffers.
Such absences are reportedly costly to companies because they can be unpredictable. This affects the firm’s or department’s budget greatly as this may involve hiring unanticipated workers, having other employees work overtime, or running around trying to cover up for an absent coworker at the last minute. What are the causes of absenteeism? First, we need to look at the causes of absenteeism. Some absenteeism is unavoidable due to health reasons, if a sick employee shows up sick or injured at work it will be an unproductive/slow day, because the health issues will take a toll on their job performance.
It has been explained that the absenteeism is a natural act if the employee is not satisfied, therefore when the job is dissatisfying in a way or another, the employee’s absenteeism increases, leading eventually to turnover (Hausknecht et al, 2008: 1223). 18.104.22.168. Better opportunities in other
Alienation is a term used to describe student estrangement in the learning process (Brown, Higgins, and Paulsen, 2003). Mann (2001) defined alienation as the state or experience of being isolated from a group or an activity to which one should belong or in which one should be involved. Newmann (1981) identified four fundamental aspects of student alienation; powerlessness, normlessness, meaninglessness, and social isolation. Powerlessness refers to student perception of absence of personal control in learning. Normlessness reflects lack of appropriate rule-governed behavior (e.g., academic dishonesty).
Professionalism in the workplace is a relatively vague topic. Countless people thought to be professional in their work, but the open-ended nature of the statement leaves room for a wide array of interpretation. Looking at the individual things of professional behavior will clear up some confusion by many, such as attitude, appearance, caring and compassionate, respectful, competence, and have integrity in health care. It is the first thing that is perceived in an establishment. First, attitude; the way we grasp the world and epitomize the view to others is everything.
Occupations also have purpose which means while someone is performing an occupation they are trying to achieve goals. Purposefulness is also from the view of the person performing the occupation and will be different for every individual. The goals that are set by the person are affected by the meaning that the person ascribes to the occupation and the developmental structure of the person. These things together effect the context that the occupational performance takes place in. Based on this model for occupational therapy we can assess how we carry out our occupations in the context we are in and the meaning that we place on this context (Nelson, 1988:
This non-productive behavior includes gossip, personal phone calls, cyber loafing, harassment, stealing, abusing organizational property or even limiting productivity. This observable variance in behavior has been identified as non-compliant behavior (Puffer, 1987), counter-productive work behavior (Spector et al., 2006) and workplace deviance (Robinson & Bennett, 1995) etc. A workplace deviance has been defined as “voluntary behavior that violates significant organizational norms and in doing so threatens the well-being of an organization, and or its members” (Robinson & Bennett, 1995). It is directly proportional to the cost,
In the author point of view, one of the most acquired complains that an employee in Viet Nam particularly and in collectivistic culture nations generally typically get is unpunctuality and absenteeism. As cited from the context of value researches by Kaiser (1998), Javidan and House (2001), Gelfand, Bhawuk, Nishii and Bechtold (2004), one can figured that individualistic people would express absenteeism at lower level than those in collectivist countries (K, Addae & Cullen, 2005). In a collective of colleagues, if there is somebody absented, the others will have to cover the workload for these absentees. This incident could lead into a serious conflict because in collectivistic group, people tends to prefer similar performance rewards rather than peculiarities (Javidan & House, 2001). Conclusion and Solutions In summary for above paragraphs, to overcome a conflict in human management, it is crucial to apply methods that are tolerable for every parties within the policies of the organization.
Teacher Absenteeism Teacher absenteeism is the habit of teachers absenting themselves from their scheduled work irrespective of whether reasons are assigned or not to such absences. According to Sagie (1998), absences are regarded as voluntary or involuntary based on the reasons provided by employees or supervisors. He insisted that voluntary absences are influenced by organizational commitment, job satisfaction and the intention to quit (Sagie, 1998). Cucchiella, Gastaldi & Ranieri (2014) describe absenteeism as an intentional or habitual absence of employees from work. This study concludes that strategic human resource management focuses on human resource programmes with long term objectives with absenteeism being on exception.
Absenteeism gives many negative impacts to the quality of students as well as the students’ performance, it is very important to observe and know more about the students who absent and their reasons to do that. Thus the aim of this study is to know the factors of absenteeism among students in University Malaysia Kelantan. On the past literature, we have selected the following variables which are: 1) educational materials, 2) prior GPA, 3) commitment problem, 4) instructors’ control, and 5) living arrangements. And for our personal experience, we selected disliking courses. The responsibility of the students is attending the lectures and tutorials.