Ye Yang Zhang 2016195131 UIC 1551-05 Midterm Paper “Britain never achieved absolute monarchy.” Monarchies, more often, are established based on a family being the rulers from generation to generation. In dictionaries, an absolute monarchy is defined as a Monarchy that is not limited or restrained by laws or a constitution. This system of government was widely employed in the world throughout history, especially in the French culture. However, France’s close neighbor, Britain, never reaches a full development of an absolute monarchy. Instead, Britain’s monarchies were constitutional.
Why? Mentioned before, Domat was a royally appointed writer and he owed his position to King Louis. Therefore, his duty was to help people realize that King Louis XIV is a great leader, and that the new government is a change going towards the right direction. Since he worked under the king, he wrote “On Social Order and Absolute Monarchy” knowing that he would be able to convince France to accept not only their new king, but the absolute monarchy government. He proved to be very successful once this was read by his attended audience.
King Louis XIV of France recommended absolute rule because he believed that the less people there are to exploit it. (Document 3) I agree with him and I believe it is one of the reasons for the prosperity of absolutism. When one person controls an entire country,
The situation called for a leader the audience could relate to and be on a personal level with. King fit those characteristics as he knew what the people were going through. Over time, King’s following would grow greater than Thoreau would have ever hoped for. Although both essays create distinctive arguments based on similar principles, their perspective differed greatly. In Thoreau’s essay, he discusses that government rarely proves itself as a reliable government and the only way they have the greatest following is because they are the strongest.
Democracy supported the idea of no titles and ranks, and with that many nobles fled the country and were immediately marked as a suspect. Liberty gave France’s people the freedom to take the law into their own hands and promote terror on the streets. Authority gave the French people power in the courtroom, and the ability to sentencing people to death. The Enlightenment Age also influenced the Reign of Terror with its beliefs in separation of church and state. The causation of the Reign of Terror was never one event or idea, but many, most of which were linked to the French Revolution’s
Louis centralized his power by keeping nobles busy with court life, he increased revenue by supporting the arts and literature and reformed taxation with the help of Jean Baptiste Colbert. In addition, he increased his army to gain more territory. Peter the Great centralized his power through fear of the people, built up his army from nothing, and what also made him an absolute monarch was he did not share his power with anyone at all. Louis XIV is the best example of an absolute monarch because he had all four characteristics. He did not share his power with anyone or any organization.
People elected other people that they trusted to go represent them in government. Ideas that were formed by the enlightenment philosophers were used in the new government. The French, however, did not make significant progress toward ending absolutism and instead were subject to another absolute ruler immediately after the revolution. After the French revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte became emperor. In this role, Bonaparte had absolute power over France.
His goals were to strengthen the bonds that had long united the two nations by creating a pact. In addition, Genet was informed of the pro-British sentiment among certain US politicians (one such being Alexander Hamilton), and was informed to instruct the US that still owed its allegiances to France. Setting sail in 1792 on the L’Embuscade, his frigate and primary means of transportation, Genet did not know how well he would be welcomed, but assumed that it would be warm due to the similarities that coexisted between the republic and the United States. Genet would find out just how wrong he
Even though Philip II and Louis XIV use supreme power for different purposes, they both thought every decision they made was the correct one. This confidence would lead to the people of their regions having trust in their decisions, which is one of the reasons they did not revolt against these absolute monarchs. The sourcebook reads, “During his reign, Louis did not once call a meeting of the Estates General, the medieval council made up of representatives of all French social classes.” Louis XIV was so confident, he felt that he did not think anyone’s opinion but his own mattered. Everyone saw Louis confidence so much that he received the nickname, “the grand monarch.” Louis did not even bother to ask for anyone else's input, he just did what he thought would be best for himself. Philip had quiet confidence, which means he did not think that he was the smartest, he knew he was the smartest and so did everyone else.
This excerpt is giving a sturdy explanation on the topic of tyranny,and how it gave us a clarification on how tyranny is being stopped by overpowering the king.Critics also argued that the king or queen could create laws that applied to only some people and not others, and that unelected officials could make decisions that negatively affected citizens.The people were exhausted and started to realize that they wanted to overthrow the king themselves. Critics of the monarch read and discussed what tyranny meant in order to argue for their notion of the rule of law. Two of the most important people who wrote about tyranny were the ancient Greek philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. At the time of the American Revolution, critics of tyranny discussed and circulated many of Plato and Aristotle’s writings to explain their opposition to tyranny,and how Aristotle had a better view on how the government should ran, the founding fathers took a very good attraction towards the idea of having the rule of law that Aristotle