When the abuse and neglect are caused, by parents or another significant figure a child, becomes confused because their supposed source of safety is the source of their harm. (Frederico 343). Maltreatment has a severe impact on a child’s current and future functioning and development regarding their emotional, social, cognitive, behavioral, and physical wellbeing. (Frederico 345). Different types of abuse, such as physical, emotional, and sexual have different consequences, but the consequences of all maltreatment, are likely to happen in three stages.
This may affect the child by closing off and not being an active part of the family and feeling misplaced. Not feeling like you belong somewhere can be stressful, and the child can begin to hold anger against their parents for leaving them. They could become depressed and lack dopamine in their brain from not feeling love enough. Dopamine is the neurotransmitter in the brain that is activated when a person feels loved or pleasured. The lack of dopamine in the brain can lead to “risk for future aggression” (Mattson) and the child could become distant from everyone and lash out when spoken to because they “misinterpret the behavior of
The CA Penal Code talks about physical abuse, which means other types of abuse are ignored. Therefor emotional abuse is not being enforced by the law because is the most difficult abuse to be define and most difficult to detect. Zoldak (2009) examples of emotional abuse are: threats, public humiliation, insults, jealous rages, accusations of infidelity, and isolation from friends and family (When Danger Hits Home, p.17). Emotional abuse “neglect” is one of the most common abuse in children. Children who experience abuse, including witnessing incidents of domestic violence, are at greater risk of having serious adult health problems.
The children are attached, but only on a “superficial level” (Robin). Furthermore, studies have shown that foster children have a higher chance of severe insecurities and attachment disorder (Harden). These disorders cause complications in future relationships. The long-term negative effects of this is the foster children maintain their suspicious and untrustful manners which makes it difficult for new bonds in relationships to form (Robin). As a result of attachment issues foster children tend to feel uneasy in the home they are placed in.
What a child sees can affect them in many ways. Exposure to interparental violence has been associated with the tendencies to worry in children. Consequently, children's anxiety is also affected by interparental violence and conflict. Additionally, interparental violence has been, linked to both internalizing and externalizing problems(Kelley 1025). Internalizing problems are negative behaviors and low self-esteem.
Primarily, violence is one of the most detrimental effects resulting from spanking as spanking encourages children to commit bad acts upon their parents. Instead of resorting to physical punishment, parents should attempt to understand why their children are acting out instead of rashly spanking them. If they are continuously punished, children will tend to hate their parents and other authoritative figures, like teachers, as well. Additionally, punishment like spanking may lead to the child to being emotionally stressed. Thirdly, misinterpretation is likely to occur with the spanking of kids.
Giving them hope and encouraging them to never give up. Besides they are not bad kids, they are just misguided and misunderstood.” Worst Parts/Greatest Challenges: “Taking my work home could be the worst. Especially if it is one of those days where I felt I tried all I can to help a child but it seem not to work. Even the idea of mixing the children together can sometimes be nerve wrecking. In JDC there are kids who are criminals, and those who are there because of non-support custody issues.
Even though, they may try to look confident in front of the bullies, on the inside they are really hurting. As states by the Forbes website, being depressed can affect a child’s self-esteem and victims don’t see any hope in their life. (How do bullies lower self-esteem?
Parents mostly view holding back the truth from their children as a simple means of protection of their children (Bridges, 2010). Parents seek to protect their children from being hurt by information that they view their children cannot handle (Lott, 2014). Matters such as separation of parents have seen to contribute a significant share of the lies that parents feed children. Parents assume that they can withhold the truth from their children about their marital issues thinking that they will tell the truth to their children later in life when they can understand the complexity of the matter at hand. Taking this example, when the children enquire about where their parents are when they are not at home.
studies shows that children with incarcerated parent demonstrate that even deeper and complex risk factor exist, for example, according to Dallaire, (2007). “Children with incarcerated parents may be particularly vulnerable to poor outcomes because of their exposure to an array of background, contextual, or sociodemographic risk factors such as poverty and single parenthood. They also are exposed to incarceration-related risk factors, that is, risk factors uniquely associated with parental imprisonment” (p. 441). Furthermore, she goes on to say, “Contextual risk factors. Sameroff et al.