I realized that teaching is not considered as merely transmitting knowledge and information to students. First of all, I understand that learning should take place in authentic and real-world environments. According to Piaget (1954), the learner must be active to be engaged in real learning. Learning is a process of interacting with the outside world (Brown et al., 1989; Lave & Wenger, 1991). In the early 20th century, John Dewey (1933) advocated the use of authentic tasks can help students acquire and deepen subject matter knowledge.
This type of work can be problem solving or investigational work which can be carried out by students individually or can be carried out collaboratively (Kyriacou, 2007). Active learning requires students to do meaningful learning activities and think about what they are doing *REF PRINCE*. Active learning is often contrasted to the traditional lessons, often referred to by teachers as ‘chalk and talk’ where students passively receive information from the teacher. A study was carried out by Benware & Deci (1984), to test whether students who learned through active learning would be more motivated than those who learned through passive learning. Results of this study showed that… .
Students are free to share their own knowledge related to the topic of the lecture. All students get benefit by this method of teaching but specifically women, low income and first generation. The students who are keen to learn can get more benefit like female students and those who are not well off, those students are more hard working. Another major part of active learning is frequent quizzes that indulge students to save knowledge in the memory rather read from a textbook. This method provides opportunities for students to talk and discuss with one another in a low pressure environment whereas the traditional method is high pressure environment for students.
2.6 Reviews of Research Dissertations: 2.6.1 Active learning: Strategies that help first graders Transition and build literacy skills Kacey J. Weber “Active learning, compared to passive learning, may help to promote engagement, motivation, socialization skills, and grade-level readiness in first grade students that did not have the benefit of attending Kindergarten. “Active learning can be defined as anything that involves students doing things and thinking about what they are doing” (Auster and Wylie, 2006). This type of hands-on effective learning can be done without changing the curriculum, standards, or materials in a traditional style classroom (Jenson, 2005). Students, particularly emergent learners and students from low-economic backgrounds, often benefit little from passive learning involving constant lecturing, worksheets, and repetitive assessments based on memorization or typical selective response. According to the National Survey of Student Engagement, active learning and high levels of student engagement through hands-on activities resulted in an increase in learning and retention of grade level reading material (Amburgh, Devlin, Kirwin, and Qualters, 2007).” “Active learning is seen as an effective approach to teaching children because it involves a deep level of connecting with the material at hand.
According to me, learning is a continuous process that happens hroughout one’s life i.e. from birth until death. To learn means acquiring knowledge and skill and it can happen in many ways: • By exploring and experiencing. • Learning from others. • It can happen through activities which is done in group or individually.
7) Active learning is "a method of learning in which students are actively or experientially involved in the learning process and where there are different levels of active learning, depending on student involvement. "(Weltman, p. 8) It is a model of instruction that focuses the responsibility of learning on learners. It was popularized in the 1990s by its appearance on the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE) report (Bonwell & Eison 1991). In this report they discuss a variety of methodologies for promoting "active learning". They cite literature that indicates that to learn, students must do more than just listen: They must read, write, discuss, or be engaged in solving problems.
Methods: Students and lecturers at five colleges were given the opportunity to study and teach using a more interactive method of teaching. The core elements of active learning are student activity and engagement in the learning process. Active learning is completely the opposite to the traditional lecture where students passively receive information from the teacher (2). Active learning included any activity, encouraging students to participate in learning approaches to engaging them with course material and enhancing critical thinking as they make applications beyond the classroom. Specifically, pupils were required to engage in a variety of in-class and out-of class exploratory writing assignments and pairs and other small group discussions interspersed among short lectures
There is no exact definition of the word learning, and in fact it is quite difficult to specify. An appropriate means of defining learning is “a process through which individuals acquire and assimilate new knowledge and skills that result in relatively permanent behaviour changes” (Morley et al 2013). With this in mind, it is evident that there are numerous interpretations upon which these opinions vary with the individuals’ personality and their unique learning style. However, one does not only learn information in a formal environment such as at school or in the workplace as we are constantly learning, sometimes even unintentionally. The mistakes we make teach us new lessons and skills.
Learning should be an active rather than passive process. Adult learning is most effective when concerned with solving problems that have relevance to the learner’s everyday experience. These Andragogic concepts have tremendous implications for the training and development specialists. Andragogic instructors use more questions realizing that learners do know a great deal, that tapping that inventory permits learners to invest more energy in new