As mentioned previously, a city has a finite amount of land. As a result, this land is highly desirable, but can also be extremely expensive. Because of the cost of land within the city, especially in close proximity to desirable areas, those with lower incomes may be forced to seek housing outside the center of the city. This might happen, despite the fact that they now live far from their employment. This migration to the suburbs and rural areas is a huge cause of decentralization.
In a situation like this the responsible parties should manage these kinds of complex situations effectively. When the economy as well as the cities gets larger the complexity in these urban areas also gets large. There are many challengers that will create when the urbanization takes place. They are; • TRAFFIC CONGESTION This is the most important challenge that we must consider because this will lead to many other challengers. With the increase of population the number of vehicles in the urban areas will also increase, but if the land area won’t get expand it will lead to traffic congestion.
We know that the prices for the properties around MRT area will be increases and the residents need to pay high rental. Even though having properties or staying at MRT location seems convenience to those who rely on public transportation but with the noise factor and traffic congestion, residents may be no interested to buy. They want to avoid the noise pollution and traffic congestion during peak hours. As a conclusion, the concept of Mass Rapid Transit is designed to meet the requirement which can give benefits to the country and needs of Malaysian people. It is true that the Mass Rapid Transit can increase and encourage the economy, however there are some aspects that need to be reviewed carefully.
Over 54% of the world 's population now lives in urban areas, creating 80% of global GDP, consuming two-thirds of global energy and accounting for 70% of greenhouse gas emissions, according to World Bank data not included in this report. Nearly a billion urban dwellers are poor and deprived of decent housing and basic services. Difination of urban area in india Urban areas have been recognized as “engines of inclusive economic growth”. Of the 121 crore Indians, 83.3 crore live in rural areas while 37.7 crore stay in urban areas, i.e approx 32 % of the population. The census of India, 2011 defines urban settlement as :- All the places which have municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee All the other places which satisfy following criteria : a.
Today the worlds population is growing at 1.15% per year which is 80500000 people annually. Some of the most populated countries of today are India,China,Russia,Brazil and South Africa these countries are also known as the BRIC nations. Population growth does increase demand nevertheless it also volleys workforces with a lot of extra workers, this unfortunately pauperizes wages and increases poverty. It is impossible to see a correlation between population growth and development in 2 or 3 years, In order to see an correlation we have to look about 20 years back so that we can distinguish the impact of all those births entering workforces. Rapid population growth still remains in numerous amount of developing countries.
For example, a house does not know their neighbor next door or even members in the family have less family time for one another. This is because everyone is too busy in sorting out their own lives and works. The two societies, city and village are different in many areas. Villages are praised for its simple life and being away from most depressions which people in cities experience. In regard to city life, although life is complicated but current world’s technology and developments have made life much easier and comfortable for the urban people.
“Cities concentrate poverty, but they also represent the best hope of escaping it.” This paper will discuss, with reference to examples, whether I agree with the view that the potential benefits of urbanisation far outweigh the disadvantages. The challenge is how to exploit its possibilities. Before we continue discussing this view, we will define a few terms, in order to gain a better understanding. Urbanisation is simply defined as, “The process by which cities grow or by which societies become more urban (Dictionary.com, 2015).” Now that we have defined this term, we can continue the paper, with a better understanding. Historically, the drive towards urbanisation was largely economic, with people attracted by the prospect of higher wages.
But is it? With urbanization slowly but steadily winning over rural settlements, theories about possible economic development have surfaced. In the backdrop, urban slums like those seen in Mumbai cloud the promising landscape.”  In most cases urbanization is a feature of economic development. It maximizes the efficiency and productivity because of the concentration of people in one place, and it lowers the production costs. This means that urbanization can also have a direct effect on
The definition of environmental sustainability hinges on distinguishing between growth and development. Large urban population, their rapid growth and affluence are not always sustainable. This kind unscrupulous growth often decreases people’s welfare, and put adverse effect on environmental sustainability (Daly and Cobb,
Urbanization occurs as individual, commercial, and governmental efforts reduce time and expense in commuting and transportation and improve opportunities for jobs, education, housing, and transportation. Living in cities permits the advantages of the opportunities of proximity, diversity, and marketplace competition. However, the advantages of urbanization are weighed against alienation issues, stress, increased daily life costs, and negative social aspects that result from mass marginalization.Suburbanization, which is happening in the cities of the largest developing countries, was sold and seen as an attempt to balance these negative aspects of urban life while still allowing access to the large extent of shared