The Human Metrics Jung Typology Test is one of the many form of tests which could be used to validate the reliability of one’s potential career based on their personality traits. The idea of using the Carl G. Jung’s personality type theory combining the four area of perception (general attitude, perception, judging, and perceiving), is a popular method of analysing the results of the career personality test and discover which of the four area of perception one more dominate. This personality test was able to be replicated several times across various time zones and environments to ensure that there was consistency among all areas of the study. However, an issue arises with the length of the test and the format of the answer choices provided. This could be critiqued due to its lengthy questions and uncommon format for the answer choices written as “YES, yes, uncertain, no, NO” instead of the common ranking scale from one to five.
The chunking theory has a place in second language acquisition, albeit limited in certain instances that will not assure desirable learning outcomes when applied exclusively. Chunking plays a crucial role in mastering grammar for the second language. The essence of chunks offers an explanation on how human beings are able to cope with cognitive limitations associated with memory, learning rates and attention to meet the demands of the environment. This follows that it is challenging for the second language learner to master complex inflectional pattern sets. These challenges occur because second language learners tend to fail picking up large adequate phrasal chunks.
Birth Order and its Impacts on Personality Development Human psychological development being a complex system is affected by number of potential internal and external stimuli. Starting from the simple prenatal period to environment exposure until 5 years, greatly shape a child’s personality. Out of these the one of the commonly neglected factor is birth order. So what is birth order and how it determines and influences the personality development? Birth Order: “It is an order or a sequence in which a child born to a family” Theory Development: Alfred Adler an Austrian psychiatrist was one of the first theorists to suggest that birth order influences personality.
Genetic Programming (GP) is a machine learning technique used to optimize a population of computer programs according to a fitness function determined by a program’s ability to perform a given computational task. Genetic programming has been applied with success in various complex optimization, search and classification problems. Interpretable Classification Rule Mining algorithm (ICRM) that employs Grammar based Genetic Programming (G3P) to evolve rule-based classifiers and has been shown to perform well in other classification domains. G3P is a variant of genetic programming in which a grammar is defined and the evolutionary process proceeds, making sure that every individual generated is legal with respect to the grammar. The algorithm iterates to find the best rules for the different classes.
Weiten in the book Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 21st Century quoting from Mark Vida and Daphne Maurer’s article The development of fine-grained sensitivity to eye contact after 6 years of age (2012) states that “Eye contact (also called mutual gaze) is another major channel of nonverbal communication ... the ability to use eye contact as a means to gauge the mental and emotional state of others appears in humans over 6 years of age.” (2014) therefore, eye contact is essential in maintaining the flow of conversation and for gauging the other person’s
Since the researcher cannot request infants directly what they remember, declarative memory tests used with adults are inadequate for infants. Thus, researchers have adapted and developed a number of measures, such as deferred imitation and elicited imitation techniques to assess infants’ recall memory. During these imitation tasks, memory performance is evaluated by an observation of the target actions, with or without previous practice or trial-and-error learning (Melzoff, 1990 cited in Herbert, 2014) Moreover, the findings of these researches may help to clarify the traditional assumption and support contemporary theories. Traditionally assumed that the declarative memory system develops after the first year of life along with the maturation of hippocampus, leading to a dramatic shift in memory processing at such system (Bachevalier & Mishkin, 1984). However, a research found that six-month-old infants are likely to show retention in the puppet task for 24 hours (Barr et al, 1996).
Articles from seven databases (Google Scholar, Science Direct, Taylor and Francis Journals, Web of Science, JSTOR, Springer link and SAGE Journals) were identified related to the topic using a pre-established set of terms that included both parenting styles and academic performance. All the studies highlighted that parenting styles affect the academic achievement of adolescents. It was analyzed that authoritative parenting style is the most effective parenting style in enhancing the academic performance of young children. More research is needed on parenting styles in different continents to have an understanding of the cultural effect of parenting styles on the academic performance of adolescents. The interest in good parenting, parenting styles and general child care is actually a relatively new
In this study translucent dentin has been studied in intact teeth in order to correlate with the age of the person as done by earlier reports of various authors like Solheim.31 Miles,9 Bang and Ramm6 Whittaker and Embry.24 However, this is a three-dimensional phenomenon which leads to difficulties in the measuring the translucency accurately. To overcome this difficulty, study not only considered the length as a parameter but also the area of the root dentine as a parameter to correlate with age as was done in few previous studies by Singhal A et al11 and Sabard P et al56 Further to be more accurate in the measurement of translucent dentin, the procedure of dye imbibition was adopted by using 1% methylene blue. The sclerosed dentin remained colourless in this method, normal dentin stained blue, and cementum took up dark blue colour as shown in (figure 8). This was possible because the translucent dentin is made up of completely mineralized tubules that did not permit the entry of dye into this zone. This procedure was adopted by Whittaker and Bakri.11 The translucency of dentin as noted in the ground section is due to an increase in intratubular mineralization.
This is now being referred to as essentially metacognitive in nature. However, the shift in the way of addressing self-reflective judgements is mostly attributed to the lack of reliability in the findings of the introspectionists. The fact that metamemory can now be studied objectively and reliably is apparent by numerous studies being directed towards issues of human metacognition. Both the processes that underlie the metamemory judgments themselves and the influence that these judgments have on self-directed control of learning are yielding to
Aging and Memory Klencklen, G., Banta Lavenex, P., Brandner, C., & Lavenex, P. (2017). Working memory decline in normal aging: Memory load and representational demands affect performance. Learning and Motivation, 60(May), 10–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lmot.2017.09.002 In the article cited above, the researchers analyzed the changes resulted from age and their effect on the performance of each groups’ working memory. Specifically, this study was conducted through the use of laboratory memory tests that were realistic to those the participants would face in the real world.