Growing of intercrops in coconut lands produces more food and agricultural products, ensuring food security of the people in rural and urban areas. At the same time, the practice generates jobs and livelihood, enhancing farm incomes and the purchasing power of people, thus alleviating poverty in farming communities. Moreover, successful farmers serve as inspiration and enterprise leaders in their communities, eventually treating coconut farming in an agribusiness way to create wealth and more capital resources. Vegetable intercropping under coconut palms is one of the popular intercropping practices in rural areas for many good reasons. This intercropping practice requires short period of planting time, smaller area (vacant spaces between coconut trees), provides additional income to coconut farmers and nutritious food for the farm communities.
Cocoa trees do not like too much sun, and its natural habitat is under the heavy rainforest canopy. When it is cultivated on an commercial scale, the farmer must make sure he can reproduce this climatic condition by planting the trees under the shade of crops such as oil palm, rubber, banana, mango, orange and coconut trees. This will ensure that the direct heat of the sun is not borne by the cocoa pods. The trees need a consistent climate: temperatures of 21 to 32 degrees Celsius year round -- never lower than 15 C, and 100 to 250 cm of rainfall, and well distributed throughout the year. Soil
Jared Diamond mentions the availability of food surpluses with the introduction of agriculture, which created the needed for the protection of food storages and therefore bureaucrats and specialization (85). Specialization is one of the major effects of agriculture. As less people were required to produce food, specialization came into effect, including the creation of leaders. With the creation of chiefdoms and beaurocrat, inequality also arises among the population. This inequality was one cause of the origins of state, according to Robert L. Carneiro.
Though the Jamaican Agricultural Industry has faced some impediment, the enhancement of the quality of its products by comprehending and adhering to the regulations and standards demanded by regional and international markets, will allow for the country to position itself for development as a nation while producing quality agricultural products for the world at large. “Quality means doing it right when no one’s looking” The state of Jamaica places great investments of both manpower and physical resources into the Agricultural industry. According to the Encyclopedia of the Nations (2015) the agricultural sector accounts for most of the country’s economic income, being the third largest foreign exchange earner as well as the second largest employer of labor for the country. Most of the products generated by the industry are also supplied to the local agricultural market. There is however a challenge associated with the quality of the goods on the local market, as they are rarely sufficiently scrutinized by the relevant authorities for quality and safety.
“Palm oil is a type of edible vegetable oil that is derived from the palm fruit, grown on the African oil palm tree.” ("Say No To Palm Oil | What 's The Issue",2016,para. 1)In Other words palm oil is a kind of consumable vegetable oil that is gotten from the palm organic product, developed on the African oil palm tree. By 2020, the utilization of palm oil is expected to increase, during the time that population is growing particularly in nations like China and India turning out to be more rich and expend more produced merchandise containing palm oil. (WWF, n.d.) Oil palms are initially from Western Africa, however can prosper when warmth and rainfall are plentiful. Today, palm oil is developed all through Africa, Asia, North America, and South America, with 85% of all palm oil all inclusive delivered and traded from Indonesia and Malaysia.
COMMODITY CHAIN Cacao often involves a long and intricate value chain, thus payments to farmers for the beans are just a modest share of the cost of the consumer products derived from cacao. Since cacao production essentially depends on natural resources along with unskilled and semi-skilled low-cost labor rather than special and sophisticated technology, it makes only for a narrow portion of the expenditures. This value chain involves several agents as farm-level activities which can influence quality, transportation enterprises who act as intermediaries in the transit of the commodity to ports or processors, exporting firms and manufacturers who transform the cacao into finished consumer goods. In the same manner, agronomic and environmental factors can affect the value chain as those can potentially influence agrarian products (Abbott, 2013). Although cocoa has its origins in South American tropical rainforest, by the end of the 19th century it had expanded to Africa, which by the mid-1920s had already become the primary cacao producer in the world.
This misconception is also prevailing in the Bahamas. However, these individuals are misguided ,because by allowing foreign investments into the family island we are facilitating infrastructure on these islands.Foreign investments can boost the tourism industry;lastly,foreign investments can lead to an improved economy ,therefore job opportunities are created.
Banana (Musa acuminata L.) is one of the most important fruits grown in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Bananas are a very popular fruit in Indonesia with high economic importance. They are an important source of nutrients for many people and are eaten mainly raw as a dessert fruit because they are sweet when ripe. Banana production is very widely distributed throughout tropical zones of the world and it is, in general, constant and mostly non-seasonal (Robinson and Sauco, 2010). Bananas are typically harvested while mature-green and then transported to the destination market where they are ripened under controlled conditions.
It is implied as a solution to poverty around the world. Fair trade revolves around farmers that farm raw ingredients, such as cocoa and bananas. Those two items are the most well known as fair trade products, although, there are many more as well. How has it helped people in their
(Katyal & Vlek, 2000) The intensity of desertification varies on the rate of climatic occurrences in the area. The Philippines is a hazard-prone area since it is located near the Pacific area. For instance, typhoons that hit in the area erode the soil causing it to reduce the soil quality. 3.2 Causes of Desertification Drought, various rain patterns, increasing global temperatures, and climate change had contributed to the dehydrating of land areas which resulted to Desertification. Massive soil degradation in the lowlands caused by the excessive use of urea, resulting into unprecedented soil mining and human‐induced micro‐nutrient deficiency, and stagnation of food crops yield.