1). Erosion causes on-site loss of agricultural potential as well as an off-site effect of downstream movement of sediment, that can result in floods and silting of reservoirs (Directorate Communication, National Department of Agriculture 1). Eventually these problems contribute to the limited distribution of quality food to individuals caused by a great loss of potential agricultural land (What Is Soil Erosion? 1). Natural activities are one of the many causes of soil erosion and unfortunately there is no way of preventing erosion from these activities.
Tsegay (2009), identified low and variable rainfall, traditional farming practices, inaccessibility to productive resources (rural credit), diminishing land holdings and other factors as the causes of food insecurity in Ethiopia. Another study by Meskerem (2011) on household food insecurity in Girar Jarso, one of the Woredas of the Oromia regional state, reveals that shortage of farmland, land fragmentation, overgrazing, soil erosion, high level of age dependency and poor fallowing practice are some of the responsible factors for the lowering of agricultural productivity that in turn leads to the state of food insecurity in the study
2. In developing countries, high rate of population, war and low selling price of raw material lead to poverty which ultimately leads to hunger as people can’t buy food items at high price. 3. Famine, droughts and floods are few causes of poverty. These causes destroy crops and fertility of soil.
Three Rural Issues First of all, eliminating the “Three Rural Issues” phenomenon s laborious. “Three Rural Issues” indicates the social problems of Chinese rural area, agriculture and peasant caused by the wealth gap, loss in rural population, etc. Agricultural issue, due to the opening of market, small peasant economy is not able to compete with other big agricultural countries. Large amount of peasant finds jobs in cities, lead to low productivity in agriculture. Rural Area issue, due to diminished productivity, lack of infrastructure and exploitation, and high taxation by local governments and corporations, peasants in rural areas are extremely poor.
Both drought and poverty have countless repercussions and consequences worsening the quality of life for many. Inadequate sources of water increase poverty by limiting agriculture, creating famine, and enabling the spread of diseases. Lack of water contributes to poverty by inhibiting the availability of agricultural products. For Instance, the Institute for the Study of Society and Environment (ISSE) wrote an article concerning the aftermath of droughts. The article started off by reporting that “because most Sub-Saharan economies are driven primarily by agriculture, the effects of meteorological droughts are direct and can be large.
Some industries related to agriculture are provided the jobs to the people. But some factor which are decrease the yields of crop. And one of the most effected factor is weeds, weeds interference is one of the most importance factors to decrease the yields of various crops. Weeds are very common, dominated and wide spread in the crop fields. Weeds present in crop fields that compete with crop plants for light moisture and others essential nutrients.
Key Words: Migration, Labour, Poverty, Schedule Caste, Schedule Tribes. INTRODUCTION Our 70per cent population lives in the rural areas and their main source of livelihood is agriculture. Labour is the single most important factor in determining national income. Poverty is the main obstacle for the development of any country, but it is a very grave phenomenon where a section of society is unable to fulfill the basic necessities of life like bread, cloth, house and education. In rural areas people don’t get an employment, their main livelihood is mostly agriculture and in some cases seasonal employment in agriculture, that’s why workers face a lot of problems.
Yet its disadvantages include: Causes a decline in soil productivity which can be due to wind and water erosion of exposed topsoil ; water holding capacity or biological activity. The environmental effect of conventional cotton farming: If you have a mono crop, it’s prone to attacks by disease, and pest. That dramatically increases the need for pesticides, or medication to be used. Such chemicals are making our drinking water toxic, and causing serious problems in the oceans. The effect on the economy: Market competition is limited and therefore famers have minimum control over farm prices, they continue to receive smaller portions from consumers.
Desertification crisis affecting 168 countries worldwide, and studies show it? Were considered a global problem because of their economic, social and environmental, especially on developing countries dramatically, because they live in the ecosystems of dry lands most vulnerable to land degradation and desertification - those areas. On the economic front, land dry the population suffer from the poorest economic conditions because of desertification affects food productivity and reduces the potential regional and universality, as well as the food deficit in the threatened areas (arid and semi-arid), and a decrease of agricultural land and a shortage of water resources and poor quality and do not forget that the livelihoods of many farmers deteriorate? That desertification leads to the destruction of life as well as vegetable extinction of some groups of animals is one of the biggest reasons for the loss of biological diversity in which dramatically reduces the chances of food production. And from the social level, desertification in all continents happens except Antarctica affects the lives of millions of people ways, the impact of this desertification and drought on a large proportion of the poor in this land, and caused a decrease in the level of welfare of the individual dramatically, particularly education, health, utilities and services due to slow growth infrastructure and the varied levels of these causes of altered rates of
It is a must to implement or adopt better strategies to increase the production of rice if not then many people will be suffering from starvation. Constrains in the production of this commodity maybe due to limited land, and unsustainable farming system. Some of the effects of unsustainable farming results to the decreasing quality of soil and pests outbreaks. Asio et. al.