(n.d)). In this essay, i will compare and contrast ancient Greek’s various form of governance ranging from Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Monarchy Greek city –States practiced monarchies form of government, this is a type of government ruled by a single person, usually the king with the help of council of advisors and his powers were hereditary, the king has absolute power and citizens have no say in their governments. He usually retain his political power for life and his eldest son ( the prince) succeeds him on the throne. Notable monarchies in Greek city-states were those of Epeiros and Macedonia, where the king shared power with the assembly.
There are numerous civilizations that came across the different lands in the world and each played a distinctive role and had its own rules and laws. Geography played a critical role in shaping civilizations, and this is particularly true of ancient Greek. The two rivals of ancient Greece were close together on a map but far apart in what they valued and how they lived their lives. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta 's were not.
One example of Rome’s confusing concept of democracy can be found in The Histories, which was written by the Greek historian Polybius in 119 BCE. Polybius was captured by the Romans and taken back to Rome and later wrote The Histories after befriending high-ranking Roman officials. The main purpose of his work was to describe how Rome became the dominant world power.Polybius states that, “No one can say for sure whether the constitution is an aristocracy or democracy or despotism.” Polybius the goes on to say that the consuls had almost complete control over the government and were able to run the military and spend as much public money as
Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars. This allowed for Sparta to forget about their state, and go on the offensive. Another example that ties this conflict together is the aspect that Athens a democracy could elect such ignorant leaders who only care about their own glory. Overall, Athens, a democracy, would last longer, as evident by their ruins, and Sparta, an oligarchy, would not last long because as always, an oligarchy will always
Sparta seemed intent on consolidating power amongst its aristocratic families, while Athens moved in a different direction, attempting to keep power from gathering around any specific group, How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures, and how did they differ? Both societies had a public assembly in which every citizen could make themselves heard. Both had relatively short terms of public office, (excluding the Gerousia) and both believed in reaching a consensus before enacting policy. Athens had a much larger group of citizens who had a much greater influence on matters of policy, and Sparta was a much more streamlined machine, geared toward making war, and maintaining military readiness. Conclusion Neither society was as inclusive as most modern societies, but both had things they held ideologically important, and did very well.
Moreover, they differ from the concepts of a well trained or educated society and a well built military, but share similarities in their government format. The cultural values of Athens relate to architecture and their religion, while Sparta exemplified warrior values in their cultural values, but both societies shared cultural background rooted in myths and legends. The Athenian Parthenon was built by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the supervision of Pericles. It was a large and expensive project dedicated to the Greek god “Athena.” The Parthenon was also built on a hill or the Acropolis of Athens, highest point of Athens (Doc #2).The money used to build this Parthenon was originally meant to make Athens’ navy stronger and bigger, but Pericles used this fortune to build the Parthenon showing the power and wealth of Athens. The purpose of the Parthenon being built on the Acropolis of Athens was to let voyagers or travelers see this
This is shown by the quote from Ronald T. Ridley’s book, ‘The Hoplite as citizen: Athenian military institutions in their social context’, which says “We have forgotten to ask what it was like to be an ordinary – or wealthy and important – citizen called upon to serve the phalanx.” The hoplite was formed due to the alliances that the city states were forming with each other. At the time they didn’t have trained armies so normal citizens, wealthy ones so they could afford weapons and armor, decided to take it upon themselves to protect the state. This was the case for most city states but it was not the case for the Spartans, who are arguably the most famous hoplites. The Spartans were a much more militaristic city state and this result in them being one of the most successful armies in ancient Greece. To give some illustration to this, Paul Anthony Rahe states, “by turning the city into a camp, the polis into an army, and the citizen into a soldier.” Due to the more militarized society
1 INTRODUCTION Power and authority are the most important aspects of politics as such way of thinking comes a long way from the earliest thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle to mention few. They are the fundamental features of state in politics, focusing on who should have the power and authority over the people and who should rule them. During the time prior and after the birth of states, political authority has always been a major concern with regards to who should rule and how and who shouldn’t. Therefore this issues need to be addressed in a way that will at the end benefit the society. Plato is the thinker or theorist who came with addressing who should rule in a political environment in what Plato outlined that only Philosophers should rule.
The impact of Sophist’s view on Greek thought Greece called into existence a class of teachers known as Sophists. They were a professional class rather than a school and as such they were scattered over Greece and exhibited professional rivalries. The educational demand was for partly for genuine knowledge, but mostly reflected a desire for learning that would lead to political success. They were in fact the first in Greece to take fees for teaching wisdom. They taught any subject for which there was a popular demand.
Analysis The following analysis questions the democratic effects in the ancient citizenship Athens and eventually attempts to clarify the development of democracy and its significant influence in Europe in respect to equality. Ancient Greece assumes the role of a foundation of contemporary democracy in Europe being consistent with civilizations regarding the ideas of freedom and liberty. It is notwithstanding questionable how this civilization originated such political thought without considering the relevance of equality moreover separating certain instances inside the community by their own right: in ancient Athens, likewise in other citizenships around ancient Greece like Sparta, a male dominance is observable; only men at the age of eighteen are considered as part of the citizenship while foreigners, slaves and eventually women are intentionally segregated from the community. Such overpowering dominance in a technically fundamental democratic ‘polis’ significantly limits freedom and equal rights for any individual: Subordination of female ‘citizens’, as they were not even accounted as actual part of society, is self-evident in ancient Greek political thought therefore democracy fails in its effectiveness on ancient women. Due to extensive limitations of the integration of women, especially exclusion in societal aspects likewise territorial and traditional separation, the civilization does not implement democracy effectively.