Agriculture allowed people to settle in one place and it was a key point for society's survival. The rivers of both civilizations provided water for fertile crops, unlike Mesopotamia, Egypt was fortunate enough to have a river that flooded the surrounding banks and leaving a rich soil for agriculture (the Gift of Nile). Mesopotamia flooded was unpredictable and sometimes chaotic, they had to struggle to irrigate their agricultural land. Although Mesopotamia began as a combination of city-states, it soon became a powerful main state, with remembrance to monarchy. Egypt had a Pharaoh, a transmitted position from father to son, establishing long-lasting dynasties.
Ancient Egypt was a very advanced society whose inventions inspired many of the basic necessities we have today. One of these would be their methods of irrigation. They used a machine called a shadoof which was comprised of a long pole with a bucket on one end and a weighty object on the other end. These buckets were lowered into the Nile and filled with water, then easily raised back up by water wheels and emptied onto higher ground. Oxen then swung the pole so that the water could be emptied into waterways that were used to irrigate their crops.
For instance, farming took place in the Aztecs and Incas environment, “the Inca were farmers, growing potatoes as well as other crops, often in terraces cut into the high mountainsides.” Patel (4). They also raised sheep and used their meat for hunger and its wool for cloth. Due to the Aztecs living on a swamp, they adapted by making a floating garden called a Chinampa to help produce maise and grow other crops. Maldonado (3). It was very genius for Aztecs as well as Incas to have generated an agricultural structure.
Europe on the other hand had a lot of animals that they could domesticate. Europe had chickens, cattle, pigs, sheep and horses. This was highly beneficial as they could use them for milk from milking cows, meat from slaughtering and egg from chickens. They could also get wool from shearing sheeps, leather from cow-, and pig-hide. Or use the animals for work purpose as traveling, carrying, or ploughing the
The land around the Oregon Trail was also important and profitable because it could and was used for farmers to plant and harvest corn, wheat, and other vegetables. With more produce, there was more trade and transfer of goods. People earned their wages on cheap land and were able to make a living out of a few simple grains from all around the world. Some people even saw the emigration as way to make money. Businessmen saw an opportunity and created “a bustling industry of frontier trading posts sprang up to supply food and equipment for the five-month haul”(History OL).
The Empires Throughout history, there has been a wide discovery amongst the early age empires. Most discoveries found before our common era has made such a huge impact on the technology and tools we have today. Though we have improved on most innovations, our ancestors still established our cultivations. There were many decades where people developed their lands, but the main western empires were the Persian, Greek, Roman, and the Han Dynasty. Each territory had their own inventions, but most of them were very similar.
They invented the first plow, which allowed them to dig trenches. Farmers still use plows today to farm. One of the biggest farming inventions was irrigation. When the Egyptian invented irrigation, it allowed them to farm when it wasn’t rainy season. They would build trenches to hold and carry water to their crops.
This time period started the development of civilizations and cites, it began the domestication of animals, and the domestication of plants. There were many causes for the Neolithic revolution. Some of these reasons included climate change and increased population. Climate changed was one of the causes because the end of the ice age brought good seasonal conditions that favored
The Renaissance was a period in European history that triggered a region wide development in the fine arts, intellectual studies and technology. With the expansion of understanding in the fields of science, philosophy and technology and the accumulation of wealth of many European nations, it led to them to expand their own fleets and finance exploration missions throughout the world. The Columbian Exchange was a by-product of the Age of Exploration and was the transfer of plants, animals and technology between the “Old World” and the “New World”. The Columbian Exchange involved the entire modern world. Irrevocably, the Columbian Exchange helped trigger the largest population boom in world history, it led to a boom in the overall economy and
Thankfully for the Nile’s overflow each year, silt was brought. The Main reason why silt was important to the Egyptians was that silt builds up and forms a delta. The delta created more land for the Egyptians to expand. The other main reason why silt was important to the Egyptians is because silt made the land fertile. farmers were able to cultivate and farm on fertile land.
Mesopotamia was the first complex civilization to be developed. Civilizations have been well known by their means of subsistence, types of living, settlement forms, forms of government, economic systems, literacy, social stratification, and other cultural behaviors. E: Geography influenced the rise of civilization because it has to be able to maintain many people. Many civilizations started different bodies of water, because if they want to live, they have to consume water. Others live in places where there were a lot of animals to hunt for.
Mesopotamia is one of the earliest civilizations in the world; hence it is called the cradle of civilization. Located between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, Mesopotamia is the perfect word for this region since Mesopotamia also means the land between rivers. These two rivers created the Fertile Crescent which was surrounded by barren territories. People in this area gave up hunting and gathering and instead slowly shifted into agricultural means of getting food to help them survive. They started domesticating animals and planted their own crops.
Geography played a huge role in the lives of both the ancient Egyptians and the Mesopotamians. It affected much more than crop cycles or the weather; it affected everything about the way each group lived, including the way each viewed their own separate gods. Egypt and Mesopotamia aren’t very far apart by our standards today, but those 900 miles back then made a lot of difference. The main things both civilizations had in common were things like being dry deserts that lay close to rivers with fertile soil for crops to grow. These similarities are what allowed both groups to flourish and expand into a long-staying civilization of people.