This best illustrated in document three and five. Document three explains that the Seokguram grotto is one of the most meaningful Buddhist sites in Korea. This Buddhist statue shows just how far Buddhism spread from India, its place of origin, to Korea. This displays the multicultural exchanges in the Indian Ocean Basin. Secondly, Angkor Wat, in Cambodia, was originally a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Vishnu.
Instead, one of the symbols that represented Sakyamuni (Buddha) was stupa. Stupa transformed from a mound tomb into a monument containing ashes or relics of Buddha. Great Stupa at Sanchi in India is one of the examples of stupa, where Buddha is represented symbolically in the structure and carvings.
Art piece 5: The Great Stupa Date: This art piece was dated c 150-50 BCE Basic outline: This was directly related to King Ashoka 's reign. The central mound was made during his reign. The middle mound was supposed to be a shining mound so worshippers from across the valley would be able to see the monument. This monument is very important for Buddhism because it is supposed to hold Buddha 's ashes beneath the base of the stupa. The belief is that Buddha 's ashes were stored in the relic (casket) under the stupa.
Hindus believes that there is a part of Brahman in everyone called Atman. Atman is a person’s individual spirit. Buddhism was originated in India by Siddhartha Gautama who was born in 563 BCE. Buddhism has about 500 million followers and is the fourth biggest religion in the world.
Accordingly, The Buddha is represented by Tongdosa Temple because the famous Buddha’s stupa housing relics from China is there. Dharma (or teaching) is represented by Haeinsa Temple (means reflection on a smooth sea) because it includes many Buddhist scriptures. The third and the most bautiful one is Songgwangsa Temple ( also known as spreading pine temple) and it symbolizes Sangha or Buddhist
After the victory over Khmer, the kingdom of Sukhothai was established in the 12th-century, when King Sri Indraditya was the first ruler. The system of government was feudal, in which social status depended on the amount of land owned. However, the king was excluded, as it was believed that the king owned the whole country. Social statuses in the Sukhothai era can be classified as follows; 1. The ruling monarchs and nobilities.
Introduction The Statue of Gudea is one of royalty and the The Royal Acquaintances Memi and Sabu are of nonroyal status. These two statues were created out of two different types of material and were created approximately 400 years apart. The Statue of Gudea is a part of a series of statues that were commissioned by Gudea himself. The statues were placed in each of the temples that he rebuilt. This statue is dark and serious.
Asher and Brown maintain that Akbar sat atop this pillar and heard disputes with the arrangement symbolizing ‘dominion over the four quarters’, yet S.A.A Rizvi holds this was actually a royal jewel house owing to the chambers within the pillar. West of the Diwan i aam is the Anup-talao a pool with a pavilion in the centre. Near it are three trabeate structures- a Turkish Sultana’s House, which has intricate floral and geometric carving on it, which according to Rizvi was not a house, but a chamber of discussion, the Khwabkhana or Akbar’s sleeping chamber and next that the Daftar Khana or records office which had Akbar’s jharoka. West of this area, are a series of small trabeate palaces
A ritual is a religious or solemn ceremony in which certain actions are performed according to a prescribed order; rituals are seen across all religions and cultures. Tibetan Buddhism, is a part of the practical philosophy of Buddhism, which was first taught by Prince Siddartha Guatama (The Buddha); The philosophy is over 2,500 years old and currently has 376 million adherents worldwide (BBC , 2014). A ritual that is evident in Tibetan Buddhist culture is the Sky Burial, which has been performed for centuries with the first rites being recorded in an indigenous Buddhist community in the 12th century. This ritual entails the deceased to be dismembered and fed to Sky Vultures (Danikis) in the rocky Tibetan Autonomous Region as the most common