When the news of war came in 1914, people in Australia greeted it with enthusiasm and naivety. According to McKernan, M., in The Australian People and The Great War, Australians lacked a sense of pessimism and fatalism that was found in the French, Russians and Irish. This, combined with the fact that Australians were often in the direct line of fire, had death tolls climbing upwards so rapid that by the end of 1916, the battalions were less than half strength. Consequently, opinions began to change and rather than being focused on defending the ‘Mother Country’, many started to question the purpose of sending soldiers to a war that was fought thousands of kilometers away from Australia. Enlistment rates, as a result, decreased after the initial burst of enthusiasm. People started to think less about fighting for Britain and more about the impacts fighting in war brought to Australia. Accordingly, enlistment rates dropped from less than 5000 in the first half of 1917 to 2 500 in the second half of the year. However, despite the diminishing rates of enlistment, there were still people who put their names down to go to war. This wasn’t because of their sense of duty towards the ‘Mother Country’, instead, it was because of the belief to uphold
Australia’s experiences of World War II were significant for Australia and impacted on the shaping of our national identity. Australia 's response to entry into World War II in 1939 differed from Australia 's entry into World War I in 1914. Reasons for this includes attitudes towards war changing after gaining the knowledge and experiencing consequences of World War I, the conditions and lead up to World War II as well as Australia’s strong support for Britain. Firstly, the attitude of Australians changed due to World War 3I proving that war was not glamourous or exciting like it was assumed. During the lead up to World War II Australians had already struggled to survive through the depression and were now required to survive at war. Finally, by 1939, Australians were questioning the validity to support and defend the 'Mother Country ' at all costs. These are just three of the World War II experiences that helped shape the nation.
described as serious and stern, these characteristics helped him to be the great leader he was during the nation’s toughest times. He was hard working and never stopped fighting for what he believed was right. The combination of these has made him one of the country’s most recognisable Prime Ministers today. This essay will explore how he rose through the ranks: from being an average child in WA to becoming wartime Prime Minister, and his determination and tenacity to overcome the fate of Australia.
Should Australia change the date of Australia Day? Some of you may be wondering why this is such a controversial issue and some of you might already know. If you don’t know why I’ll tell you. The date that we celebrate Australia Day is not the date we became our own country, you may be thinking “so what?” well I’ll tell you, the day we are celebrating is the day Great Britain invaded Australia and the start of when they tortured and killed thousands of the Australian indigenous people, there are multiple dates available that were important to Australia or represent Australia and this date has no monument recognizing the day so why is this day so important.
Poetry is used to passionately express one’s thoughts, beliefs, and feelings on life. This has been a transcendent form of expression for centuries, and still has great influence over people’s ideologies. Damien Morgan wrote the poem Sir to celebrate ANZAC Day. Not only does it express the national pride associated with the day, but it implies that Australian society has changed the way it celebrates and respects this tradition. Since the landing at Gallipoli, Australia has celebrated ANZAC Day. Through the years, the celebration of ANZAC Day has changed, one of the reasons for this change is the influence of the media. The poem reflects positively on this social change. The influence of media inspired nationalism into the hearts of the people, especially for this day. This and the constant respect and pride for this day reflects in the poem using figurative language. This encourages the audience to continue the national pride and the traditions of ANZAC Day.
World War 1 plays a very significant part in Australia’s history. Over 50,000 men enlisted in 1914 after the war was declared in August. A lot of men enlisted in order to defend the empire and Britain as they felt like they had some form of attachment and to the Empire. Most Australians also saw themselves as British so they felt obliged to enlist in the war. When the empire called for people to enlist in the war many men and women thought it was their duty to the empire to do so. Although patriotic duty had a large appeal during the war, a lot of the other men enlisted for more personal reasons like to get an income, for a holiday out of Australia or for an adventure.
Australia’s declaration for entering into World War Two, was different from World War One, due to the lack of enlistments at the beginning of war, fear of invasion by the Japanese and how propaganda reflected attitudes towards war. The lack of enlistments in war, was mainly caused by the change of characteristics after World War One. Due to Japan invading Singapore in 1942, Australia had a fear that they were going to be invaded by the Japanese next. The recruiting posters impacted the different attitudes towards war, in World War One and World War Two. Thus, the main cause for all these differences in World War One and World War Two, was due to the loss of “innocence,” after soldiers experiencing injuries and death in World War One.
According to many historians, 1917 was the worst year in WW1 for Australians. This year was the third year in a devastating war that many Australians believed we should have been involved with because it was on the other side of the world. Due to the distance and the number of deaths, volunteer numbers dropped considerably. It was because of this, that the Australian government wanted to introduce a divisive policy of conscription. 1917 Was truly a destructive year for Australia and Australians.
Canadian individual identity is questioned often because it is so diverse and means something different to each person in Canada. Although there is not a set identity there are many values and beliefs that are owned by all Canadians. To find out what Canadians identity is, one has to take into account what has affected it. The United States is the biggest influence on Canadian identity. The U.S. culture is very similar to Canadians as we are exposed to it all the time in media sources. The events in American history have also affected Canada from a political perspective, which lead to the Democracy that is present today. Another way the U.S. has affected Canada is from a military perspective because Americans are quick to jump to war and Canada has had to help control them which lead to them being peacekeepers. The United States helped mold the Canadian identity by being both a threat and support to the nation; this will continue into the 21st century but Canada will keep it’s unique identity.
From the start of colonisation, Indigenous Australian populations were demolished due to the introduced diseases, the loss of land and livelihood. Nothing was done to provide health services despite loss of life and widespread disease. The crises currently occurring in Indigenous health is due to generations of mistreatment, failure to provide adequate resources and lack of understanding. Up until 1967 Indigenous Australians has no right to healthcare services and had little power to change this due to the policy decisions set in place that restricted them from making their own decisions. (REFFERENCE)
“One moment it 's paradise, the next it 's trying to kill you.” (The Man from Snowy River, 1982) Australia is an untameable land that most would not survive, however the quintessential Australian stereotypes thrive in this unforgiving environment. The 1982 Australian film, The Man from Snowy River, directed by George Miller, evidently exhibits the universally recognised gender stereotype of the Australian man; a man considered to be a masculine, indomitable individual who is adept at enduring the struggles that life brings, whilst contradicting the gender stereotype of the
Today we will be examining the wide spectrum of cultural identities, values, and beliefs that Australian poetry and film are underpinned with.
Bravery. Courage. Heroism. Qualities the ANZACs displayed on the battle field that we need to remember for the future. I believe myself that the ANZAC spirit showed in World War One was bravery to go to a war and fight courageously for something that had nothing to do with you. The Australian and New Zealander soldiers at Gallipoli were sent to fight for a reason most of them didn’t know. Yet they had the courage to attack valiantly against their allies’ enemies even if they knew the consequences. The battle on the Nek was the most pointless and tragic waste of Australian life of the Gallipoli Campaign. It was supposed to be a diversion for some New Zealand troops to gain another strip of land, Chunuk Bair. Even though after the first and second
We all know that Australia is a multicultural country but what many don’t know is what impact these different cultures have on the Australian identity. Australia was first used as a place to send convicts from England’s over crowded prison so our identity come from the many people who came to Australia in those first hundred years. The Irish are just one of many cultures that came to Australia while it was being settled. The first Irish people came to Australia in the late 18th century but by the late 19th century about a third of the population was Irish, this is why Australia’s history and culture was so heavily impacted by the
Australian author Ted Egan (2014, p.7), displaying a personally-motivated inclination for the ANZAC troops, remarks, “Here were two ‘young’ nations that had never had an opportunity to show the rest of the world just how good they were in terms of nationalistic pride and military prowess.”