According to the Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition). It states that an individual with Autistic Spectrum Disorder has persistent defects in the social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts. They have restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests, or activities. For a diagnosis to be made, symptoms must be present in the early developmental period. Symptoms can cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning. These disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability or global developmental delay .
Despite having autism, he was able to understand given math problems, knows how to spell words perfectly, and had a pretty big vocabulary for his age. However, he saw a word he didn 't know he got really frustrated. He felt very confused and felt that he was inferior to the other kids for not knowing a few words. His school work was like every other normal kid, about average. When it came to school work that required reasoning, he became utterly confused on the given assignment and decides to give up on it. This shows that Sean wants to be as smart as possible but he decides to block himself from trying to learn things that he can’t comprehend which is a bit understandable considering that this is occurring at such a young age. This behavior of his occurs again when Sean reaches his adolescence. He would ignore the things he didn’t know how to do or understand by either lying saying he knew how to do it or by saying things that were off topic. He was becoming even more aware of this behavior and his parents (Judy and Ron) were afraid he wouldn’t be able to do things like normal kids(drive a car, playing a musical instrument, sports,
The character of Holden Caulfield in J.D. Salinger 's novel, Catcher in the Rye, is an excellent example of a psychologically sensitive portrayal of a child with autism spectrum disorder. Although, Holden is never diagnosed in the novel, his interactions with peers and his particular interests show that he is a young man struggling with this psychological disorder. I find this most interesting because the novel allows the reader to enter the mind of Holden to connect and sympathize with the young man and gain a new perspective to his unique disorder. Similarly, the scientific article written by, Jiri Koutek, discusses the social isolation of a sixteen year old male with high functioning autism who was hospitalized for a suicide attempt. The
In this paper, I will be explaining what Autism is and what are the symptoms. I will also be explaining the treatment that is used to help with autism related symptoms and how proper oral care is needed in the autism community.
Introduction: "How many of you have spoke your first word before kindergarten?" "Or did you learn how to read and write at an early age?" Some children have a hard time communicating to express their needs. Others might have trouble with certain skills such as daily living skills ranging from doing laundry and cleaning the house to dressing themselves. Most children are struggling academically in several subjects such as writing, mathematics, reading, art, and so on. Also, some children are very sensitive to certain things around them such as enormous crowds and lights
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a brain-based developmental disorder that involves multiple abnormal perceptual, cognitive, linguistic and social behaviors. With rates of Autism Spectrum Disorder rising, it is important that we improve our understanding of the causes of the disorder and become more culturally aware and sensitive to screening for the disorder in order to find effective interventions. Understanding of the current clinical picture, etiology and treatment of ASD will be discussed.
There are many reasons why children's and young people's development may not follow the expected pattern some of these are:
Even though there are positive or advantages of having an autism spectrum disorder or ASD, there are still some disadvantages of having it. People on the autistic spectrum face many issues, from the continuous challenge of trying to be comfortable with others, to the irritation that they are not able to express how they feel, to the devastating anxiety because they cannot make sense of what is happening around them. As stated in the site of Weebly (2016), some of the disadvantages of
The three distinctive behaviours of Autism are: Repetitive behaviours, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction. When parents realize that their child has autism they should be emotionally strong. Being consistent in your child’s learning environment is very key to reinforce learning. Also they should be able to find non-verbal ways to communicate with their child. You just have to learn their language of communication. Human beings with autism have said that the world, to them, appears to be a mass of events, people and places which they contend to make sense of, and which can cause them considerable anxiety. To be specific relating and understanding to other people, and taking part in everyday social life and family may be a bit challenging for them. Other people appear to know, intuitively, how to communicate and interact with each other, and some people with autism may wonder why they are different. People with autism have challenges with both non-verbal and verbal language. Many of them have a literal understanding of language, and think people always mean exactly what they say. They find it often too difficult to understand: common phrases and saying, jokes and sarcasm and facial expressions or tone of voice. There are standard healthcare services designed to maintain the health and well-being of individuals with autism. They comprise of a wide range of treatments and therapies which are accepted and used by the majority of health care professionals. Service-based interventions include interventions supporting people with autism in education, employment and social care
Autism is the struggle to develop social abilities, languages, and other communication skills that are usual to others. In my eyes, I
The aim of this essay is to look at Autism within Early Years settings. It will consider if a child who presents with Autistic traits which leads to behaviour issues, receives the inclusive learning environment that is required for them to reach their full potential. It will examine the factors that can affect children with Autism and reflect on how this makes a difference to their behaviour; positive and negative, evaluating whether Early Years Settings are equipped to manage in these situations.
Autism is a spectrum disorder that results in varying levels of severity. This means that autism is actually an umbrella term that is used to describe symptoms that can be found among the three major disorder types: autism, Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). Therefore, every autistic student has individualized symptoms and conditions. Autism effects a student's social, behavior and language skills. First, the child may exhibit strange facial expressions or body language. They may have a lack of common interests and be unable to engage in social interaction. They struggle to understand people's feelings and make friends. Second, they may experience
Global prevalence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders was 62/10 000 (Elsabbagh M, 2012). In India around 2,000,000 children having autism, based on estimate rate of 1 in 250(The Autism Society of America, 2007). The prevalence of having ASD increases significantly for siblings. If one identical twin is diagnosed with autism, the other twin has a 60-96% chance of also being on the spectrum. In non-identical twins, the chances decrease to 0-24%. When one child has autism, the chance of a non-twin sibling having it as well is only 2-8%.The term spectrum refers to the wide range of symptoms, skills and level of impairment, or disability, that children with ASD can have. Some children are mildly impaired by their symptoms but others are severely disabled (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011). Autism has increased dramatically within the past years. More children are being diagnosed each year due to increased awareness and diagnosis that have been made. Many people in our society may have heard the word autism or know a friend or family that is diagnosed with having autism. In only a most cases, development is abnormal from infancy and, with only a few exceptions, the conditions become manifest during the first 3 years of life. Each child with autism disorder
The symptoms of autistic disorder (often referred to as autism) includes a failure to develop a normal social relation with other people, impaired development of communicative ability, and the presence of repetitive stereotype behavior (Carlson 2013). The neurodevelopmental disorder that I select is autism. Many parents around the world are suffering and struggling with their kids. Most of those kids are nonverbal, and unable to communicate. Many Parents find it difficult to help control their kids’ tantrums. The kids have difficulty eating, sleeping, interacting with peers. It hard to say that Autism is for life I can’t imagine having a child with autism. Working with Autism and learning so much about it is gift. Autism is a disorder that produce repetitive behavior in a child and affects ability to socialize with others, and decreases their ability to communicate. Maino, Viola, & Donati, 2009). Stated that, Autism is a
I spent my fifteen hours observing two special education classrooms at Sulphur Intermediate School. One focused on math and the other on reading, though many of the children I observed worked in both classrooms. The students were in the third, fourth, and fifth grades. Most of the students had mild to moderate disabilities and simply needed extra help in reading, math, or both subjects. They did not stay for the entire day, but rather came for certain periods. During this time, they primarily worked on worksheets designed for the special education classroom as well as working on achieving their goals for accelerated reading. There were a few students who came in for an hour with work from their general education classroom and needed extra help completing their work. There were two students who had more severe disabilities, but they worked with paraprofessionals and did not do the same work as the rest of the class.