Speech On Birth Control

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General information
Birth control is also known as contraception or fertility control. These are methods to prevent pregnancy. There are a lot of methods of birth control, but I am only going to explain nine of them. Birth control is not only to prevent pregnancy when you don’t want it but (sometimes) it is also there to prevent STDs. STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Disease. Forms of STDs are: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Genital herpes, HIV/AIDS, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, viral hepatitis.

Condoms
Condoms are probably the most know method for birth control. You have 2 variants of condoms one is for men and one is for woman. Male condoms are made to collect the semen of the man. Male condoms are
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When taken by mouth every day, the pill stop female fertility. These are very a very popular form of birth control. There are multiple variants of these pills: Combination pill, Progestin-only pill and the Extended-cycle pill.

Contraceptive sponge
The contraceptive sponge combines a barrier and spermicidal methods to prevent conception. These sponges can work in two different ways. First, the sponge is inserted into the vagina, so it can cover the cervix and prevent any sperm from entering the uterus. Secondly, the sponge is produced with spermicide already inside of it, which is used to prevent the sperm from moving. These sponges do NOT protect u from STIs (sexually transmitted infections). To use the Today sponge, it must be run under water till it is thoroughly wet. The water is used to activate the spermicide inside the sponge.

Contraceptive patch
A contraceptive patch is a patch applied to the skin that releases synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones to prevent pregnancy. They have been shown to be as effective as the contraceptive pills with perfect use, and the patch may be more effective in typical use. For the patch to work a woman can put it on four places: the upper outer arm, buttocks, abdomen or the thigh. This has to be done on day 1 of the menstrual
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This is another method of birth control. Although it stops you from being able to reproduce it doesn’t help against STDs. Sterilization methods include surgical as well as non-surgical, and exist for both male and female. Sterilization are intended to be permanent, reversal is generally difficult or impossible. Surgical methods include: Tubal ligation in females (the fallopian tubes in the uterus are closed), vasoligation in males (the vasa deferentia, the tubes that connects the testes with the prostate, are closed and cut), Hysterectomy in females (the uterus is removed), castration in males (the testicles are removed).

Emergency contraception
Emergency contraception may be used after sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy but won’t protect you from STDs. There are 2 emergency contraception’s: emergency contraception pills (ECP, also called Plan B), IUD’s (usually used as primary contraception method). Then there are 3 types of ECPs: Progestin-only emergency contraceptive pills, The anti-progestin ulipristal acetate, The anti-progestin mifepristone. These ECPs may contain higher doses of the same hormones found in normal contraception pills. Taken after unprotected sexual intercourse or contraceptive failure, these higher doses might prevent pregnancy from occurring.
The phrase “morning after pill” is not true, ECPs are most effective shortly after

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