Essay On Bionic Eye

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Abstract-India is now home to the world’s largest number of blind people. In 37 million people across the globe 15 million blind people are from India. 75% of these are cases of avoidable blindness. On the other hand, while India needs 2.5 lakh donated eyes every year, the country 's 109 eye banks in which 5 located in Delhi manage to collect a maximum of just 25,000 eyes, 30% of which can 't be used. Meanwhile, shortage of donated eyes is becoming a huge problem. In 15 million blind people in India, three million that is 26% of whom are children who suffer due to corneal disorders. But only 10,000 corneal transplants are being done every year because of shortage of donated eye. The bionic eye aims to restore basic visual…show more content…
II.THE BIONIC EYE It is an artificial eye which provokes visual sensations in the brain by directly stimulating different parts of the optic nerve. Retinal implants can partially restore the vision of people with particular blindness caused by diseases such as macular degeneration or retinitis pigmentosa. Bionic eye consist of electronic systems which consist of image sensors, processors, receivers, radio transmitters and retinal chips. There are also other experimental implants that can stimulate the ganglia cells on the retina or the visual cortex of the brain itself. It comprises a computer chip which is kept in the back of the individual 's eye, linked up using mini video camera built into glasses that they wear Images captured by the camera are beamed to the chip, which translates them into impulses that the brain can interpret. Although the images produced by the artificial eye were far from perfect, they could be clear enough to allow someone who is otherwise blind to recognize faces. The breakthrough is likely to benefit patients with the most common cause of blindness, macular degeneration, which affects 500,000 people. This occurs when there

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