In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility. This results from a series of changes in the components of the central and lateral canal such as ligamentum flavum inflammation, bony spurs, epidural fat deposition and facetal hypertrophy. (1) Management of spinal stenosis includes conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative approach comprises of rest, analgesics, anti inflammatory medications, physical exercises, and weight loss. Surgery is done in patients who have severe pain, disability, neuropathy or malignancy.
Muscle imbalance, poor alignment of the kneecap, overuse of the leg and a flat feet are the reasons why it occurs. Of all the knee injuries, Runner’s knee, also known as Patella Femoral Syndrome or Anterior Knee Pain, is the pain under and around the kneecap. It is caused by a problem with the way the kneecap moves which places extra stress on the cartilage resulting in friction on the back of the knee. There are a number of causes which increase the forces and friction going through the kneecap that results to runner’s knee. Muscle tightness, muscle weakness, foot position, Q angle and also anatomy are some of the reasons why the patella stops from moving
Rotator Cuff Tendonitis An irritation or inflammation of a tendon in the rotator cuff is called rotator cuff tendonitis.The rotator cuff is comprised of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint, connecting the humerus (upper arm) to the scapula (shoulder blade). The muscles allow for the shoulder to rotate, and stability to the shoulder are provided by the rotator cuff tendons. When the tendons are injured, it may cause a dull pain in the shoulder, which often gets worse when trying to sleep on the involved side. What Is Rotator Cuff Tendonitis? It is an inflammation of the BURSA (a lubrication mechanism), along with an inflammation of a group of muscles in the shoulder.
1.1 INTRODUCTION Myasthenia Gravis as well as known by the name (MG) is autoimmune neuromuscular disease that caused weakness in the skeletal muscles, the muscle that are used for movement to do activity of daily living. Myasthenia Gravis are caused by the neuromuscular disorder. The neuromuscular disorder for Myasthenia Gravis occurs when communication between nerve cells and muscles becomes impaired. This neuromuscular disorder caused the important muscle to make the contraction movement from occurring, that caused muscle weakness, resulting rapid fatigue of any of the muscles under voluntary control. Symptoms include drooping of one or both eyelids, diplopia and difficulty swallowing, chewing and speaking.
When joints are dislocated it makes the tendons, and ligaments as well as the muscles surrounding the joint to be vulnerable to tear. Not to mention, the extreme risk for damage to the bone structure from the dislocation. Obviously, some dislocations are worse than others, like when someone dislocate a knee often times doctors or trainers are able to just pop it back in place, brace it, instruct the players to stay off of it for a few weeks and they’ll be fine. The knee may still hurt, but the recovery isn 't near as bad. The story is not always so smooth for other types of dislocations.
Ever since sports were established, sports-related injuries have become a prevalent issue and a common concern for people who deal with sports medicine. Depending on the type of sports-related injury that occurred, some effects include severe joint pain, sudden swelling, tenderness, weakness and aching. Injuries that have been known to have these effects include torn achilles tendons, concussions, hamstring strains, and ankle sprains. Also dependent on the type of injury that occurred, is preventive procedures which will be discussed in this literature review. Likewise, categorization of body paragraphs will also be based upon the form of sports-related injury and how common it is.
The protective cartilage on the ends of bones breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. Bony growths can develop, and the area can become inflamed. The major symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. Some people can have swelling, tenderness and grating or crackling sound when moving (NHS,n.d). These are the symptoms Mohamed reported to the doctor.
However, the findings of EDS contain laxity and weakness of joints. At the early age, chronic pain develop a joint disease called osteoarthritis. It has elastic skin, fragility skin, blood vessels and membranes. Tissue fragility can affected the people who have experience of bruise, bleeding and wound is not healing properly. Many people who have EDS, the symptoms can happen in childhood.
This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems, including: • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder can result in crushed vertebrae (compression fractures). Osteoporosis is most common in older adults, particularly women, and in people who have taken high doses of corticosteroids for long periods of time. • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae.