A large-scale study found that concussions in adolescents can increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis later on in life. There are hints that head trauma may also be linked to the development of many other conditions, including multiple sclerosis. Health professionals are not entirely sure whether or not concussions are linked to these diseases or not. Past studies in animals have shown that trauma to the central nervous system, including the brain, may jump-start the kind of autoimmune reactions that are underlined with multiple sclerosis. Other risk of concussions are chronic headaches, amnesia and neurological disorders like Alzheimer 's disease or Parkinson 's syndrome.
This is obviously difficult and severe spinal cord injuries are usually so disastrous and permanent because this connection of the nerves is broken. If brain transplants were possible in the future, the identity of the person may change and be more like the identity of the donor of the brain.  This is because it is unlike a normal transplant, such as a transplanted heart, but the brain is where memory, identity and personality are all stored, so the outcomes may be
1.These medications can cause the cancer to go into what is known as remission basically the cancer becomes undetectable in the blood. 2.Not everyone is as lucky and the cancer becomes Relapsed Myeloma which means that the cancer has returned. Now that we see what causes Multiple Myeloma, we will look at what can be done about
Cerebral edema is a life threatening homeostatic imbalance that may be caused by many things and can be treated if the diagnosis, recognition and management is timely. (ScienceDirect: Cerebral Edema) There are three categories of cerebral edema: vasogenic, cytotoxic and interstitial. Vasogenic edema happens when there is increased permeability of the blood brain barrier. Some of the most common vasogenic causes of edema include: brain tumors/abscesses, lead toxicity, stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis and hypercapnia. Cytotoxic edema is most commonly characterized by the swelling of neurons, glia and constriction of extracellular space.
Let me start off by explaining what MS is. Multiple Sclerosis is when, for reasons scientists are not yet sure of, a person’s immune system attacks the myelin that covers and protects the spinal cord and nerve fibers in your brain. After the myelin is damaged, the nerve fibers then are attacked by the immune system as well. This causes nerve damage, fatigue, vision loss, poor balance, and more unpleasant side effects. Multiple Sclerosis itself isn’t necessarily the cause of death, however, it 's the complications of MS that take a great toll on one’s health.
They are malignant meaning they will not spread to other parts of the body, and are usually able to be easily removed. Like a said about melanoma a small but significant number of skin cancers are malignant melanomas. Malignant melanoma tends to spread to other parts of the body and can be deadly if not treated early. Even if you are not diagnosed with either of these skin cancers it starts as a precancerous lesions. The changes in the skin are considered dysplasia.
This results in the damage of brain cells and including the cells beyond the spill which then, aren’t able receive enough blood. Common causes of this type of hemorrhage are hypertension, trauma, and the use of blood thinners. Subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs when an artery within the surface of the brain bursts and spills in the space between the surface of the brain and skull. The leakage is most commonly caused by an aneurysm. A transient ischemic attack is also known as TIA or “mini stroke”.
The test results of the tumor were not back determining if this tumor was cancerous or not but the doctor was suspecting that this tumor was caused by his prior stromal malignant tumors. Per Ignatavicius and Workman, “Bloodborne metastasis is the most common cause of cancer spread…Tumor cells circulate through the blood and enter tissues at remotes cites. Clumps of cancer cells become trapped in capillaries. These clumps damage the capillary wall and allow cancer cells to leave the capillary and enter the surrounding tissues. When conditions in
Capgras Delusion is a is a disorder in which the sufferer feels as if a close family member, such as a parent, spouse, sibling, or pet, has been replaced by an identical imposter. There can be many causes for capgras delusion, but many scientists believe it is simply the failure of normal brain recognition processes, which can be caused by stroke, overdose, epilepsy, or many other causes. However. other scientists believe that it is caused by the damage of the right side of the brain. Both of these causes have been tested and proven that these could very well cause people to have capgras delusion.
The brain is made up of soft tissue and protected by spinal fluid and encased in the protective shell of the skull. The rapid movement can cause chemical changes in the brain and can sometimes stretch and damage brain cells or nerves. Moreover, it’s a bruise on the brain that alters mental state. Things like car and bicycle accidents, falls while playing sports or at work, and fighting are some of the leading sources of concussions. When being examined by a doctor first the signs and symptoms will be evaluated, then the medical history will be under review, and finally
Later stages of malignant melanoma can mean metastization to the lungs, liver, brain, and even bones. If the tumor has begun in the lymph nodes they will have to be removed surgically. In other areas, the tumor may not be able to be removed and will have to be treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Many different factors play into the cure and survival rate for malignant melanoma. The thickness of the tumor, how early in its development it’s caught, where it is located, even gender (women have a higher survival rate), all play a role in survival of a malignant melanoma.
Patients may also be treated with radiation, immunotherapy, chemotherapy or targeted therapy. At this stage the disease is very hard to cure due to metastasis. Recently the plan of treatment for stage IV tumors has changed. Newer forms of targeted drugs and immunotherapy have proven to be more effective than chemotherapy. Immunotherapy drugs such as ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab have been shown to help some people suffering from advanced forms of melanoma live longer, although, some of these drugs have severe side
Understanding the effects of concussions on brain activity is key to developing assessments and preventing future injury. Current assessments rely on symptom inventories or other clinical measures that are lacking in accuracy. Athletes’ safety is at risk without subjective measures to diagnose and evaluate recovery from a concussion. With further research, brain imaging techniques like EEG could be used to evaluate concussions
However, cancer cells cannot control their division. As a result, these cells form a clump that is commonly referred to as a tumor (neoplasm), especially when the immune system is malfunctioning. Tumors can be benign, harmless and easily taken out or malignant. Malignant tumors block tissues and organs from functioning with each other. Once cancer cells become metastasized, they break away from a host tumor.
The medical model looks at a mental illness as a result of physical problems within the body such as genetic faults, a chemical imbalance, or abnormal brain structure. Which means it can be treated medically. For instance there is evidence from brain scans to show that people who live with anorexia have increased activity within the serotonin systems and higher levels of dopamine receptors within the brain (News.bbc.co.uk, 1999). The medical model is the most recognised, most supported and most used when it comes to mental illness. For instance people who live with schizophrenia can be prescribed dopamine antagonists that reduce the symptoms and hallucinations that come with the illness.