Essay On British Parliament

847 Words4 Pages
BRITISH INSTITUTIONS: PARLIAMENT AND MONARCHY 1. What is the Parliament? The Parliament is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependences and overseas territories. It possesses legislative supremacy and ultimate power over the rest of political bodies in the UK and its territories. It examines what the Government is doing, creates new laws, retains the power to tax fixation and it is where the concerns of the day are debated. It is bicameral, consisting of an upper house called the House of Lords and a lower house called the House of Commons. 2. Parliament History We can trace back the origins of the British Parliament to the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in the 8th century. There were two different meetings: on one side the Witan with clergymen, barons and people chosen by the king, and on the other Moots were local meetings of lords, sheriffs, bishops and commoners. In 1215 the Magna Carta was created and signed, this established the rights of barons to serve as consultants to the king on governmental matters in his Great Council, these barons were…show more content…
The noblemen and bishops conforming the House of Lords and knights and local representatives the House of Commons. It began to take more authority within the English government. In 1649 the House of Commons abolished the monarchy and declared England a commonwealth but 10 years later Britain’s government collapsed. The monarchy was restored in 1660. Over the course of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, Parliament and its powers evolved. With the “Reform Acts” a number of changes were made to the composition and legislative process in Parliament. The Reform Act of 1918 gave women the right to vote and the first woman was elected to the body that same year. Other acts gave greater powers for the House of Commons which has 650 elected members, compared to the House of Lords, which has only 90

More about Essay On British Parliament

Open Document