SYMPTOMS Some of the symptoms exhibited by a person undergoing heart attack can vary from one person to another as this depends if this is a severe case of MI or a mild one. - Chest pain
Usually angina is caused by coronary heart disease (CHD). Depending on the type of angina one has, knowing the many factors that can trigger an angina attack is very important. There are four different types of angina pectoris: Stable Angina Unstable Angina Variant (Prinzmetal) Angina Microvascular (MVD) Angina Stable angina is chest pain in medical terms.
This natural response is only intended to be for brief periods. So therefore, if a person is experiencing chronic stress, the increased release of adrenaline has implications on the physical health of the person in numerous different ways, such as fatigue, high blood pressure, headaches and so forth. This results in a weakening of the immune system so the person become more susceptible to physical infirmities. (Ader, R. & Cohen, N.
E.g. 99mTc-tetrofosmin (Myoview, GE healthcare), 99mTc-sestamibi (Cardiolite, Bristol-Myers Squibb now Lantheus Medical Imaging). Following this, the heart rate is raised to induce myocardial stress, either by exercise or pharmacologically with adenosine, dobutamine or dipyridamole (aminophylline can be used to reverse the effects of
It is very important to research heart disease because, when we try to go deeper into an important topic like heart disease we find it consequences and its effect also solutions for it. The more scientists studied heart disease the more we understood the importance of it and its level of danger on the body and the human, which is that the disease persists as a leading cause of illness and death and many other things like an infection in a certain body part. Heart disease is a certain illness or disorder in the heart itself and the blood vessels in which, describes different conditions that affect your heart like cardiovascular disease in which the blood vessels get blocked or narrow that can lead to heart attacks. There are many other conditions in the heart like chest pains due to a problem in the muscles or valves.
Thrombosis Formation Thrombosis is the formation of a thrombus within the vascular system. Development of thrombosis after vessel wall injury is characterised by the deposition of platelets, tissue factor and fibrin. A thrombus is a solid or semi-solid mass, which consists of aggregated platelets, that form a platelet plug and a mesh of cross-linked fibrin protein. The formation of a thrombus is a healthy response to blood vessel injury intended to prevent blood loss, and is the first step in restoring haemostasis. Blood vessel damage can also be caused by the interaction between a foreign material (medical device) and the endothelium lining of the vessel.
Cardiovascular stress related to pregnancy, labour and delivery may induce various degrees of cardiac failure in pregnants with cardiac diseases (2). A systolic pulmonary artery pressure of above 50 mmHg is associated with cardiac complications during pregnancy as functional status worsens more rapidly in pregnant patients with mitral valve stenosis. Cardiac decompensation and pulmonary oedema may occur at any time during the second or third trimester. Fluid restriction, diuretics, and control of atrial fibrillation are basic measures that can prevent pulmonary congestion (2). Safe use of NPPV and regional anaesthesia combination for caesarean section have previously described with several case reports in patients with respiratory failure due to kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular diseases, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia and non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (3-5).
Blood clotting occurs during an injury to a blood vessel, the blood and platelets bind together to from a jelly like substance called clot. C. Platelet, that play a fundamental role in this process also have deadly disorders. 1. Thrombocytopenia is the over production of platelets 2. This disorder leads to too much blood clotting 3.
INTRODUCTION As the incidence of myocardial infarction is increased in modern era . Conduction defects are one of the most common complications which occur following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), which results in Increased mortality in these patients with Acute Myocardial infarction 1. conduction defects occur during Acute Myocardial infarction , have varied presentation. Atrio ventricular (AV) blocks associated with inferior wall infarction and bundle branch blocks are more commonly associated with anterior wall MI.
Anemia is mainly causes by iron deficiency. If not treated it leads on to deficiencies of thyroid hormones, folate, vitamin B12 and other important hormones in the body. Other causes may include chronic diseases like megaloblastic anemia. On the other hand when the values are above normal, it maybe be as a consequence of dehydration in which the value should be raised. • Neutropenia White blood cells include neutrophils, neutrophils function and immune system protector that combat against diseases and infections.
Resistance: It is the stage when the “body adapts to the continued presence of stressor” Exhaustion: Occurs when the organism that were useful during the other two stages now starting to become a threat to the body. Now the person is vulnerable to certain diseases and possible irreversible damage may occur. 2. Discuss the links between stress and illness.
Common findings are neurodefecits in the central nervous system (CNS) such as chronic neurologic demyelination and inflammation of the CNS, lesions found in the neural space of the person, and an inappropriate immune response (Borazanci et al. 2009). Loss of myelin in the CNS leads to inappropriate action potential activation in which the axons of the neurons become inflamed over time and potentially lead to axon damage and/or loss (Nickerson 2013). Nickerson 2013 also stated that this long term inflammation could be contributing to the long term disabilities associated with MS. Loss of myelin in the axons of neurologic cells lead to many things; one being the formation of astrocytic scarring forming on the myelin sheaths (Newlan et
Pulmonary fibrosis - Five risk factors Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disease that occurs when the tissue deep in your lungs become thick and stiff. Over time, the damaged tissue forms scar tissue. When the scarred tissue becomes too thick, breathing becomes difficult and symptoms arise. It is most likely to affect people of age 50-75, it is a progressive disease, and determining the cause can be challenging. There are several risk factors associated with pulmonary fibrosis.
High blood pressure as well as earlier heart surgeries have also been linked to atrial fibrillation. In some cases, lung diseases have been thought to be involved in the development of atrial fibrillation for example lung cancer, sarcoidosis, pneumonia and pulmonary embolism, as well as breathing problems associated with sleeping
It 's like putting together puzzle pieces with each part required to show the final picture. Because the tissues in the brain and spine are bathed in special fluid,a lumbar puncture procedure is used to extract fluid from the spinal area. This test looks for higher amounts of the presence of certain proteins that allow the immune system to stage attacks on itself. This may be a vital test.