The Roman Republic defeated Carthage when the great Carthaginian general Hannibal was counterattacked. Carthage surrendered to Rome after they were completely destroyed this made the Rome become a naval power as it threatened the whole world. The Romans ere then known as the mistress of western mistress of western Mediterranean. Conclusion: As the Carthage and Romans both were the super powers they had been into the war thrice. These wars were the most brutal wars in the history.
Both shown their greatest success, Rome showed its greatest success in the darkest hours of the disaster, while Carthage’s greatness was its success (Morey, 1901). The outbreak of the War in Sicily was the first conflict between Rome and Carthage, this war is known as the First Punic War. The Romans gain control of the cities of Messana and Agrigentum after fighting with the Carthaginians and the people from Syracuse. The Romans after keep experiencing a struggle against the Carthaginians’ navy in battle, they realized that the only way to overpower Carthage was to meet their power in the seas as, on the land, the downside of their navy is that they had a few naval ships. To compare their naval ships against the Carthaginians, they had five banks of oars called the quinquiremes, and the Roman had three banks of oars called the triremes.
Finally, war broke out when Hannibal attacked the Spanish city of Saguntum, which was an ally of Rome in the Second Punic War (2l8-20l B.C.E.). This entails that despite Carthage were never discouraged by their defeat and Rome still recognized that Carthage was a force to reckon. In terms of human life, thousands of lives were lost on each side with neither Rome nor Carthage making any headway or willing to quit. In military composition studies shows that Carthage was composed almost exclusively of foreign mercenary units while its navy was manned by citizens. The reason of this difference is, that the Carthaginians employed foreign mercenaries; and that on the contrary the Roman armies are composed of citizens, and of the people of the country (Polybius, n.d.), in this respect the government of Rome is greatly preferable to that of Carthage .Also as Carthage 's military battled the Greeks over control of the island of Sicily they were influenced to development of the Carthaginians ' weapons and tactics, causing Carthage to adopt the Greek-style hoplite soldier fighting in the phalanx formation (Wikipedia (2017).The Romans had pool of hundreds of thousands of small farmers to draw upon.
In this paper, we will trace how Carthage almost became the equal of Rome, and how the conflict between these two powerhouses led to Rome becoming a great naval power. Carthage was the first foreign power outside of Italy that Rome had come into contact with. Carthage “was originally a colony of Tyre, and had come to be the capital of a great commercial empire on the northern coast of Africa” (Morey, 1901). The city initially began as a small port on the coast, which, was only established as a stop for Phoenician traders to
Introduction Rome and Carthage were almost equal in strength and resources. From the early days of the Republic, Rome and Carthage maintained a friendly relationship and even signed a treaty against Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, who was a threat to both states. Comparison Ancient Carthage was a wealthy state with a small population, it employed foreigners to do the unwanted jobs and relied on foreign mercenaries rather than citizens to do her fighting. The mercenaries did not have a sense of belonging to the Carthaginian nation. According to Morey (1901), Carthage was a wealthier nation with brilliant leaders, rich in commercial resources.
But while the Carthaginian government had some outside differences to the Roman, it was in its spirit very different. Therefore, this essay shows the how Carthage became almost the equal of Rome. Carthage formerly a great power in the ancient world was one of the places where people wanted to reside, but Carthage started out as a major power. It was civilization that brought Carthage great glory whereas the people that were using new ideas or methods went out into the sea into new geographic area Morey William C. (1901). At an unspecified later time, the Carthaginian people had control over the Mediterranean Sea through their
The roman civil war is not just one war it is a set of wars that brought about the end of the Roman Republic and built up the Roman Empire. There is the Caesar Civil War and the Octavian battle which I will be focusing on. In my opinion those are the two main battles of the Roman Empire since the Caesar Civil War was what brought about his assassination and the Octavian battle was the last of the Roman Civil Wars and the end of the Roman Republic. There were many factors that led to the decline of the Roman Empire such as Rome being able to rule almost the whole world being a great power but incapable of ruling itself. Authority was mainly in the hands of the senators that were selected by the Romans; however, there were always internal
There, Rome’s allies had been defeated by the Gallic rivals with the help of Ariovistus and then there was Helvetti too. Caesar defeated both of them and entered Gaul. In the following years, he increased his army to a great extent and defeated the people of Gaul in different phases with bravery. From what Julius Caesar wrote about the wars there, information about Gaul is gathered. He stayed there for complete 9 years to finish his conquest and returned home as a
The war led to Greek cities concentrating less on fighting and more on intellectual growth and cities such as Ionia pioneered in research revolving around metaphysics. There were social and political consequences of the war that affected all futuristic activities of the Greek people. The social and political systems of Athens and Sparta after the war affected the way they conducted their civil war as they avoided an all-out-war and took certain small strategic attacks on each other. Socially, the Greek states after the war supported minor rebellions and politically, they rallied against taking one city at a time from their
During the civil wars, Rome was dealing with a lacking government (Cook 138). From the governments lacking role in Rome, the power went from the senate and consuls to the wealthy and the military strong (Cook 138). One of the military strong men in Rome was Julius