2.1 Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by personal factors. Health Status – When a child is born, if there are issues relating to the mother i.e. drug or alcohol use, this can cause a baby to be born small or suffer from foetal alcohol syndrome. This can result in delay of development. After birth the baby will be smaller than average and can sometimes be born with deformed limbs, this can then limit them at school with taking part in certain sporting activities.
Abuse is another thing that has been linked, to problems in a child 's development. The earlier abuse and neglect occur in a child 's life the more severe the impact. Furthermore, the stage of development, while the abuse occurs will influence the type and severity of the consequences. Additionally, the more chronic and long lasting the abuse and neglect, the more harmful it is. When the abuse and neglect are caused, by parents or another significant figure a child, becomes confused because their supposed source of safety is the source of their harm.
Many mother-related factors can harm the fetus: poor nutrition, alcohol use, smoking, the use of some prescription or over-the-counter drugs, the use of recreational drugs such as cocaine, sedatives and drugs, X-rays and other types of radiation. Mothers who drink too much during pregnancy may have babies with fetal alcohol syndrome. Infants with this syndrome may experience problems such as small head size, heart defects, irritability, hyperactivity, mental retardation, or slowing of motor development. Newborn babies begin to recognize the world with all sense organs from the moment they are born. Newborn babies can hear, see, taste and smell and feel the
A. Though there is no specific medical reasoning for these early births there are things that decreases your chances of having a full term pregnancy. 1. For most of us it is common sense not to smoke, drink, or use any drug while pregnant. The toxins in each of these can cause miscarriages, and increases your risk premature labor and a low birth weight for your baby.
This theory suggested that sexual abuse occurs due to a variety of neurological, biological and ecological factors which interact and lead to clinical symptoms that contribute to the occurrence of abuse (Ward & Beech, 2006). An individual’s genetic predisposition along with social learning have a significant impact on brain development and result in the establishment of three interlocking neuropsychological systems (Ward et al., 2006). According to the ITSO genetic predispositions and social learning interact to establish individuals’ psychological functioning. The level of functioning in turn may be compromised in some way by poor genetic inheritance, biological issues or developmental adversity (Ward et al., 2006). Such functioning problems can result in an individual struggling to cope adaptively, and resultant vulnerabilities may lead to sexually abusive behaviour under certain circumstances (Ward et al., 2006).
Apart from impairment disability is imposed on top because of unnecessary social exclusions and isolations from complete participation in societal roles. (UPIAS 1976p 3–4) The social model was consequently adopted by Disabled People’s International (Siminski 2003). In this model disability is viewed as socially experiencing an impairment due to social and physical barriers(Barnes 1991 p 2)whereas impairment refers to perceived abnormalities of mind or body be it ascribed or real(Barnes 2003 p 829) Therefore, disability refers something wrong with society and not to something with an individual rather (Oliver 1996a p 129).The model implies to cure, change or fix the individuals, especially when it is discriminatory and prejudiced and against the wishes of the disabled person. The problem or disability is caused by the way society responds to the needs of the disabled person. It recognizes that people with impairments are disabled by the barriers, prejudice and exclusion by society.
Question 1: There are many reasons why children's and young people's development may not follow the expected pattern some of these are: • Having a disability: having a disability can have a major impact on many areas of development. For example a physical disability would affect the way the child gets around or they may need to have extra support like bigger pencils. Having early supports with disabilities can help to minimise the effects of the disability. • Emotional reasons: Children who have poor attachments may lack confidence to try new things and will have a lack of motivation. They could have low self-esteem, this can be detrimental to a child's development.
“Depression can be caused by many things but it is most likely caused because of a chemical imbalance in the brain, or it is inherited, or it is genetic. It can also be because of a family history of depression” (Mooney 45).Discovering more about the imbalances in the brain that causes people to have mental illness helps validate that patients are not “crazy” and it is not all in their head. They do not have to feel like no one believes them because there is scientific proof that they are sick and need help. Understanding the technical side of how people develop mental diseases helps diminish the stigma behind people going to get treated or for people to accept that they have a
CHAPTER 3: SOCIALLY HANDICAPPED CHILDREN AND EDUCATION LEARNING OBJECTIVE 1. The socially handicapped or the delinquent children-causes of delinquency & remedial measure to deal with the delinquents 2. Mentally retarded-causes of mental retardation, various types of retardation, education provision for the retarded Concept of Delinquent Child The incidences of juvenile anti-social behavior have tremendously increased in intensity and magnitude in recent years. Read nay daily newspaper and your will find several incidents involving teenagers in a variety of delinquent acts.’ The high percentage of recurrence of delinquent acts has become the concern of parents, teachers, social workers and psychologists. All are anxious to minimize its rising