A lot of girls are getting education but a smaller number is able to proceed to post-secondary level and out of them most are not allowed to participate in the workforce. A lot of professions have now put a rule for the high educational requirement for a person to get the job. As women in Pakistan are limited to the access of getting higher education this restricts them to get into a workforce. Hence this factor remains a significant barrier for women. In Pakistan a lot of women are restricted because of their husbands as they are not well educated and do not allow their wives to get out of the house and work and the other reason is segregation (pardah).
b- Education: Education has found to change all women’s view about marriage in many society. So, education is the main reason for " later marriage", since they want to finish their education and to improve themselves also to work and gain money. Because period of education is too long and women reject to go to school and get married at the same time. With education women change her view about their partner and start search about perfect men that are really not present. ( Ntoimo and Abanihe, 2011).
And slowly, throughout the story, the reader can see how much the mother sacrificed for Emily's happiness even though it didn't turn out the way the mother wanted it to. She wanted Emily to have a fulfilled childhood, with laughter and happiness, however, she realizes that her actions with Emily's upbringing will have a major effect on Emily's future. All and all, a mother can only so much for her child ¬and though every mother wants to be the perfect mother for her child, perfection is not possible in the world of motherhood. In the story "I Stand Here Ironing" by Tillie Olsen, the mother sacrificed her own happiness for Emily's happiness, which also filled her with deep remorse and regrets towards Emily's upbringing. However, it also shows how far a mother will go in order to do what is right for her child even if she is left with deep
Barriers based on attitudinal or organizational bias that prevent qualified females from advancing to the top-level positions. Several studies have confirmed that a 'think manager, think male ' bias helps to maintain the glass ceiling (Schein, 2001). Because the stereotypic attributes of a typical manager overlap considerably with the typical man and share few attributes with the typical woman, this leads to a perception that women do not fit in positions of organizational leadership (Heilman,2001). People lacking the attributes of the powerful group can experience a visit as "foreign" territory. Even though women do break through the glass ceiling, they experience less favorable outcomes in their careers because of their gender than do men (Heilman & Okimoto 2007; Stroh, Langlands, and Simpson , 2004).
This results in women taking jobs in lower positions or that pay low, since their lack of recent experience and hours worked in the past are found unappealing to employers who seek employees who are motivated and committed. This absence of female employment in high paying professions is directly correlated to the gender pay gap. Although women can be just as ambitious as men, motherhood greatly decreases their average income and affects which jobs they will be hired for in the future as well. One common theme that emerges from these sources is the emphasis that women take different career paths and career choices than men, resulting in a misinforming gender pay gap by the media. This is also an example of how social norms is an important factor to this wage gap.
so the Managing capacity is one of the most important challenge faced by the women in the Hospitality Industry. 2. Marketing Capacity: Marketing plays vital role in developing the Business promotions in which women faces a core problems in the area of Marketing where the elimination of Middle men is difficult. so the developing of Marketing is one of the important challenges faced by the women in the Industry. 3.
Women generally suffer from insecurity (Roya Monajem, 2004). Women are also known to be petty and sometimes overly sensitive. They take comments and how others see them very seriously. This may be attributed to women having a lower level of self-esteem as compared to men. Due to this reason a patriarchal society comes in where men are the decision-makers and hold positions of power and prestige, and have the power to define reality and common situations.
However what has happened in this working society is that instead of protecting the women, the laws have resulted in leaning on the women hence discrimination. In the corporate world, women are denied bigger responsibilities with the excuse of them not being available following domestic chores. For this reason, women are not able to effectively compete with the male counterparts in the corporate world. It is important to
These days there is an expanding pattern of ladies entering Bungalow industry in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and these ladies business visionaries are adding to the income of the family. What's more, if ladies are given a chance of setting up their own particular organizations so they can contribute essentially towards the financial development of Pakistan. Business opportunities are less among ladies due to non-existing open doors for them, restricted versatility and no entrance to neighborhood and universal business sector Though I can say that women are involved in domestic entrepreneurship but due to limited scale and role of middle man these women entrepreneurs are unable to fetch the reasonable price of their product in many areas of Pakistan especially at Peshawar city, they are not allowed to do jobs even after receiving higher education from well-known institutions. As a result, most of these ladies stay at homes either by choice or by force. In the given situation, there should be a way out to let them play a role in the development of the Pakistan which is an under developing country and economic growth is more important for the development of the
When they turn into business they have to face tremendous problems for every success. Despite effort is made by them they must be recognized positively and they faith to withstand by themselves. There are many challenges for women in the Indian setup broadly divided into social, financial, domestic, policies etc …some of which are discussed below. • One of the core duties of women in India is to take care of the family members, leaving little time for business activities. Woman entrepreneurs have to make a perfect balance between household and business activities especially if she is married.