FAO reported that 2008 was the second largest crop in history. That same year, according to Action International, five million children died of hunger. It has been shown that the planet can produce food for a population more significant than the current one. However, 1.02 billion people suffer from famine (1 in 6.5), and 100 million more joined last years.
3.8 MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM Childhood pneumonia is the single most leading cause of death among under-five children. According to 2000 WHO report around 156 million new episodes of childhood pneumonia occurred globally, in that 95% of them in developing countries, out of the above-mentioned cases 8.7% of pneumonia are life threatening and required hospital admissions (Rudan,2008). The incidence was estimated at 0.29 episodes per child-year in developing and 0.05 episodes per child year in developed countries (Rudan et al.2013). In the year 2010 the incidence was 0.22 episodes per child-year though it is reduced from the year 2000, it remains an important public health problem (CHERG, 2013). Africa and Southeast Asia are responsible for 70% of the worldwide deaths due to pneumonia (Singh 2005).
There are many reasons that cause child labor: Poverty and unemployment levels are high – As you see, the most of employed children work in less developed countries by economy. In such countries poor families and children may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. According to U.N statistics more than one-fourth of the people around the world live in poverty that is caused by the high unemployment levels. Free education is limited – U.N estimated that approximately 75 million children were not attending school. The education for the whole world’s children costs 10-30 Billion dollars that is 0.7% - 2% of the annual cost of global military spending.
“More than 20 percent of the children live in households without consistent access to food” (“15 Percent of All Children in Illinois”). This is a massive number and shows how much poverty there is in the U.S. When they suffer like this then the results don’t turn out as well. These children don’t know when their next meal would come and
Children at risk of dying every year due to zinc deficiency are about 450,000. Mild-to-moderate zinc deficiency may be relatively common worldwide, but the public health importance of this degree of zinc deficiency is not well defined. Zinc deficiency leaves the body incapable of fighting pneumonia and diarrhea. Child hood diarrhea especially is a key public health issue in many developing countries. Diarrhea claims the lives of approximately1.5 million children under the age of five every year– nearly one in five child deaths.
According to the PBS Frontline video “Poor Kids” 2012, more than 46 million Americans are living beneath the poverty line. The United States alone has one of the highest rates of child poverty in the industrialized world. It is stated that 1 out of 5 children are living in poverty. The video documented the lives of three families who are faced with extreme hardships and are battling to survive a life of being poor. All three families have more than one child and could barely afford to pay their bills and purchase food for their household.
In regards to families in the lower social economic class, Shanahan, Runyan, Martin, and Kotch (2017) discuss the public health problems that occurs from child maltreatment in families who are in poverty. Each year, maltreatment effect 17.1 out of 1000 children in America. Children who live with four or more siblings are three times more likely to suffer from neglect. Also, Families who are experiencing poverty are cited as a risk factor for child neglect. Shanahan et al.
Research on gender pay gap by UNDP (2009) observes that between 1985 and 2008, inequality in Nigeria worsened from 0.43 to 0.49, placing the country among those with the highest inequality levels in the world. The poverty problem in the country is partly a feature of high inequality which manifests in highly unequal income distribution and differential access to basic infrastructure, education, training and job opportunities. Gender inequality in education is extreme. Girls are less likely to access school, to remain in school or to achieve in education. Despite almost 30 years of the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), and 20 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), today girls make up around 56 per cent of the 77 million children not in school, and women make up two thirds of the adults who are illiterate.
BUSINESS ETHICS ASSIGNMENT INTRODUCTION Child labor by numbers. 211 million children worldwide are child laborers. 73 million working children are less than 10 years old. 126 million are estimated to work in the worst forms of child labor one in every 12 of the world's five to 17 year’s olds. 8.4 million Children are trapped in slavery, trafficking, debt bondage and other forms of forced labor, forced recruitment for armed conflict, prostitution, pornography and other illicit activities.
Child labor is a contested and global issue that affected mostly Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America. According to International Labor Organization (ILO-IPEC) (1996-2016a), a United Nations agency, the number of children in labour globally has declined since 2000 from 246 million to 168 million children; and although declining, around 85 million are still working in hazardous environment. However, the Asia-Pacific region has the largest number of child workers in the world and represents about 18.8 per cent of 650 million 5-14 year-olds in the region. Out from the statistics, the majority population of children in global context are still trapped in child labor, thus the higher rates of evolving into an adult with poor prospects of securing
Today, about 30 percent families in the U.S. are families with color. The black population is about 14 percent of the U.S population. Nearly 1 in 3 black children live in families with low income under the poverty level, when non-Hispanic has the lowest child poverty rate which is 10 percent. Some parents of color have face income inequality due to racial inequality. They earn less money doing the same jobs than the others.
1. Context an Importance of the Social Problem that Underlies the Policy: A) Every year millions of children suffer from child abuse and maltreatment. Data from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Child Maltreatment 2013 (2015) report shows that in 2013, there were approximately 3.9 million reports of child abuse made in the United States. Of those reported, 678,932 were deemed victims of child abuse and neglect (child maltreatment 2015). Of the four common types of abuse, i.e., physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect, “the greatest percentages of children suffered from neglect (79.5%) and physical abuse (18.0%).”
Ennis ISD serves a community that is very economically unstable; sixty-nine percent of Ennis’s high school students are classified as economically disadvantaged. In comparison, Dallas ISD has forty-eight percent of its students being classified as economically disadvantaged. The median family income for families living in Ennis is $50,692, and the federal poverty line of annual income is set at about $23,000. According to the United States Census Bureau, 10.4 percent of families and thirteen percent of the population of Ennis are below the government’s definition of poverty. The high percentage of economically disadvantaged students correlates with EISD’s low scores because it can be assumed that high school students below the poverty line must have some form of work or job after school, preventing them from being able to complete homework and study on a daily basis.
The National Center on Family Homelessness at American Institutes for Research (NCFH) released a report exposing that 2.5 million children are homeless in America. (Mclean, 2015) California is the wealthiest state in the country but ranked third worst in the extent of homelessness, the second worst in policy, and in the lower half of the US in terms of risk and wellbeing, making it the third worst US state for child homelessness overall. (Mclean, 2015) Rent is increasing as income is decreasing or staying the same.