Reducing poverty and homelessness in families will, in turn, create a future generation conducive to tolerance and innovation. Children experience developmental consequences when raised without the stability of a permanent home. These detriments are exhibited through their personal and social development, and both their mental and physical health (CMHC, 2003). As extreme poverty leading to homelessness in families is addressed, a considerable component of society is reinstated. To achieve a society without homelessness, the ideologies of multiculturalism and anti-discrimination are necessary.
We live in a complex, unpredictable world, filled with an array of family styles and personalities. Whether or not we recognize it, the family in which one is raised or currently resides plays a pivotal role in their development and opportunities. While we should not blame our circumstance on where we came from, it is crucial that we understand how our childhood influences why we are the way we are. One phenomenon that affects several families, particularly ones with low-income, is parentification. Parentification, also known as the role-reversal of a parent and a child, is not inherently harmful for a child, but it is important to look at the situation objectively and consider the risk-factors.
They can either follow along the high risk trajectory or the low risk trajectory. Both trajectories start from childhood and end in late adulthood. Whether an offender is placed in the high risk or low risk trajectory depends on how they take advantage of the turning points and social capital in their lives. Those with poor bonds early on in their life and who use their turning points as an outlet for antisocial behavior are in the high risk trajectory. Those with strong bonds and use their turning points for good are in the low risk trajectory.
The attachment theory of John Bowlby has had an enduring impact on our understanding of child development. This study of Bowlby’s attachment theory allows us to understand more thoroughly how society and culture in constructing child rearing practices have a profound impact not only on the child but on the entire learning life of that individual. Attachment theory provides us with a lifelong learning project that brings together deep psychological patterns. Knowing that Bowlby does not do justice to the social and cultural factors that impact on development. At the core of a critical adult learning theory it is necessary to imagine how the cultures and societies, in which we live, interact with and influence the ways in which people relate
It can be noted that our adulthood can often be described as an extension of our childhood hence what we experience as infants and children can shape how we react , process and solve situations in the future (Engler 2008). Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development is highly important for social care practitioners as this knowledge will enable us to gain an insight into what makes our client’s tick while also allowing us to understand , at a deeper level , what internal issues and conflicts may be happening under the surface(Greene 2011)
Part B: Comparison The study of childhood being an important and character-shaping portion of one’s life that is set completely apart from the other phases of life is a relatively new interest within western societies (Plastow, 2014). The theorist Philippe Aries argued that in the middle ages there was no such thing as childhood, and that children were treated as adults both legally and in employment (Cunningham, 2014). The many varying sociological, technological and economic changes in the last two centuries has enacted a shift in the definition and experiences of what is it to be a child (Arthur et al, 2015). In this modern era, it is paramount to understand the reasons why we need to view and comprehend the composition and significance of childhood. Becoming aware of how we view children is parallel to the way one
In early childhood development it is important to for children to learn positive values, which ultimately will affect their personality and behavior during their entire life course development (Elrod & Ryder, 2014). Furthermore, microsociological criminologists examine how various social institutions such as family can encourage or inhibit criminal behavior through imitation and modeling (Bohm & Vogel, 2011). Therefore, delinquency is considered an early form of deviance, and this behavior is often replicated throughout family lineage (Elrod & Ryder, 2014). Consequently, a review of thirty-nine studies, indicated genetic predispositions are deleterious in adverse environments which include socially disorganize areas, poor familial structure, lower social classes, and adult violence (Bohm & Vogel,
CHAPTER 2 THEORETIKAL FRAMEWORK REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Sigmund Frued and his followers claimed that gender identity and the adoption of sex typed behaviors are the result of an Oedipal Conflict that emerges between the ages of three and six of a child. The children discover the genital differences between the sexes. Unlike Frued and his followers based on the Cultural Transmission Theory, the gender identities and behaviors is not the product of Oedipal Conflict but a gradual process of learning that begins infancy. Bandura et al (1973) suggested that adults like parents should shape a child behavior by supporting and encouraging responses that their children should think in particular and appropriate ones (Hughes and Kroehler, 2009).
The Ideology and Policy of Childhood This essay will discuss Boyden’s chapter ‘Childhood and the Policy Makers: A Comparative Perspective on the Globalization of Childhood from Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood (1997). The essay will focus on how Boyden describes societal context as shaping the needs and rights of children, it will contemplate how these two terms differ according to Boyden. The essay will then discuss how policy surrounding these needs and rights affects children globally. The essay will end by discussing how Boyden believes these policies can be understood and changed to better affect children both in the North and South. The ideology of the South continually separates children from adults by a multitude of psychological
When considering the detrimental effects of child abuse, it is imperative to realize that alleviating the worldwide problem of it comes down to more than just addressing behavioral defects on the parent’s part. As stated by Kristen Slack, a professor in social work, “poverty and economic hardship need to be systematically considered in our efforts to prevent maltreatment or lesson it’s consequences. For some families, economic support can make a meaningful difference in whether children experience harm” (“Influence of Poverty on Child Abuse”). Taking this research into consideration, the prevention of child abuse requires acknowledging outside factors affecting homes globally like poverty. The current approaches on child abuse, while effective,