Dr. Mohammad Waseem has explained four main categories of Islamic establishments which have greatly influenced the national profile of Pakistan . The religious groups in politics namely the JI, JUI, JUP and their splinter group — Sipah-i-Sahaba Pakistan and its offshoot LeJ had been associated with governments in power. They openly supported the Taliban chapters in Pakistan and Afghanistan
Civil society has become one of the most effective alliance of the states to curb corruption in many countries . Civil society will ensure that there will be a high transparency in a democratic states. Corruption can happen either in a democratic states or in a communist states. This practice are totally against the principle of democracy which is to be fair, and equal. As a pressure group, civil society will expose the corrupt conduct of public officials and lobby for good governance reform.
Civil society is characterized by a strong element of voluntary participation and thus people participate because they believe in what they are doing. Secondly is public end as civil society stands in the middle between the private sphere and the state. It is concerned with public rather than privates ends. Organisations characterized as civil societies are those that defend collective rights and values, disseminate public knowledge and ideas, and pursue policies that promote the quality of life of the community. Lastly, Pluralism and diversity.
The main reason behind the growth of extremism mentality in our society is due to the absence of the mechanism which will help the people to convey their will to the political system and second is the increasing supremacy of USA to excess the resources of the Muslim countries. The hopelessness in Pakistan is complemented by the in capability of the political system to solve the basic problems of the people. Due to the failure of democracy in Pakistan the people have lost faith on the democracy system in Pakistan. The feudal system has destroyed the national interest by giving the wealth and power in few hands and this has resulted in the lack of social justice. The concentration of wealth in few hands has resulted in the poverty, lack of education and people started to use other means to solve their problems.
They suffer from different forms of discrimination and hardships in everyday life. There are a lot of reasons why women are not allowed to enter the workforce. They are disadvantaged when it comes to opportunity and learning. The educational factor is a major issue in Pakistan. A lot of girls are getting education but a smaller number is able to proceed to post-secondary level and out of them most are not allowed to participate in the workforce.
It will help to understand that why many people of Pakistan have developed the “Mean World Syndrome” in recent years. There are already many studies present on international level but in Pakistan no such research is carried out yet. Considering the different nature of Pakistani media, audiences, crime rate, nature of crime and law enforcements, this research will throw the light on causes of intensified fear of crime. 1.3. Problem Statement Fear of crime is increasing in Pakistan.
• Evaluate the prevalent myths about terrorism in Pakistan. Highlight with reasons and examples that why is it a myth. Terrorism: It is a word used in its broadest sense to describe the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror or fear in order to achieve a political or religious aim. Although the term is in use since 18th century, but its popularity increased when journalists and politicians publicly introduced and used the term ‘’Islamic Terrorism’’ following the 9/11 attacks. Terrorism in Pakistan: Pakistan and Terrorism is used side by side by western Media.
Pakistan is facing many challenges from the lack of access to basic health care services, to poverty, illiteracy, women’s low status, unhygienic water supplies and sanitation and the most important problem Pakistan is facing is unemployment. Pakistan has one of the highest unemployment rate in the world. According to UN Pakistan has approximately 5.8% unemployment rate. The unemployment rate in Pakistan is increasing and due to increasing amount of unemployment many crime takes place, Pakistan has a lot of natural resources but due to poor governance we can’t use them with full potential. You can find many educated people for example doctors, engineers and graduates roaming around for job in Pakistan but couldn’t find a job worth their education.
Society as a periphery covers and reflects the inner cultural vein through it symbolic implicature. It becomes authentic through a time –tested fixed symbol and gets surfaced through the mode of repression by the community in concern a society consists of planned interaction among people. These interactions involve communication. The structure of communication system determines more than anything else the boundaries of social body. The flow of communication reflects the pace and direction of social development and the context of the communication represent the values of the society.
The gender roles in Pakistan is something like the workplace is for man and the home place is for woman. So that the people invest so far less in woman then the man. In Pakistan the woman mostly suffers from the opportunities of poverty. Female literacy rate is much less than as compared to the man literacy rate. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY: Social and economic vulnerability is also the source of poverty.